Laws of Hammubari

The first law of the Hammurabi’s Code of Laws, ‘If anyone ensnare another, putting a ban upon him, but he cannot prove it, then he that ensnared him shall be put to death. ’ The meaning of this code is that if you accuse someone of a crime you better be able to re-enforce your statement or if you can’t then you will be put to death. The 106th law of the Hammurabi’s Code: ‘If the agent accept money from the merchant, but have a quarrel with the merchant (denying the receipt), then shall the merchant swear before God and witnesses that he has given this money to the agent, and the agent shall pay him three times the sum.

’ This basically means that if a person has borrowed money and if the person who borrowed the money decides to deny that he has borrowed any money from the merchant the merchant can swear, to/in front of his god and witness, that he has lent money to the person. After swearing in front of his god and witnesses the merchant is to receive triple the amount that he has lent to the person. Law 22, ‘If anyone is committing a robbery and is caught, then he shall be put to death. ’ If anyone is seen/caught breaking into another person’s household the thief shall be punished and the punishment is death.

Law 2, ‘If any one bring an accusation against a man, and the accused go to the river and leap into the river, if he sink in the river his accuser shall take possession of his house. But if the river prove that the accused is not guilty, and he escape unhurt, then he who had brought the accusation shall be put to death, while he who leaped into the river shall take possession of the house that had belonged to his accuser. ’ This law is saying that if anyone accuses someone else and the person being accused leaps into a river. If the person being accused sinks the accuser can take the victims house.

But if the person who is accused does not sink/or escapes without a scratch can take possession of the accuser’s house. Law 3, ‘If any one bring an accusation of any crime before the elders, and does not prove what he has charged, he shall, if it be a capital offense charged, be put to death. ’ If anyone accuses another person of a crime and can prove or have any witness to prove that the person being accused has done committed any sort of crime they will put to a capital offense (this means this crime is so severe or so serious that the capital crime is considered the only option) or also known as death.

PART2: The laws of Hammurabi are overrated, meaning that the laws are way too extreme. The laws of Hammurabi are often very harsh and very, very strict with stealing ,accusing of others or stealing some examples of these crimes are ‘If anyone steal the property of a temple or of the court, he shall be put to death, and also the one who receives the stolen thing from him shall be put to death’. The crime can be minimal but the consequence of these small petty crimes could make you lose your hand or death. An accident in the Ancient Sumerian meant punishment.

The word accident was not taken lightly by the Sumerians nor was an incident of accident. Accidents often meant a heavily and costly priced to be paid. An accident could cost you your house, your money or any other personal property e. g. wives, sons, daughters or even you. An accident could be of accusing someone of doing the wrong thing meant you had to hand over your property to the person that you have wrongly accused of. Judging from the laws of Hammurabi we can tell that Summeria was a country that was straight-forward and merciless.

As shown in the Hammurabi law nearly all the law’s consequences have a severe punishment, mostly likely death or beatings, but the consequences would be different to different classes of society. The law is said to be fair to everyone. The law is meant to be for everyone there. There was no set of rules for the rich or another set of the common these things did not happen. Or was there? The same crime but the consequences are the same for all the people. For an example if a commoner pokes another person’s eye out he, the commoner, would also have to have his eyes poked out.

But if the situation was that a rich person who had poked out someone’s eye, he would then have to sell wife, daughter or son to a business for three years. Also if a slave was to poke out a commoner’s bull than the slave will have to poke out his own eyes too. So there was prejudice in the Hammurabi laws. The riches would get the easiest punishment, than the commoners and finally the slaves or homeless. As from the example all law was NOT meant for all the people if you were in a different class (the rich, the poor, slaves, commoner, royals and homeless) you would get different punishments for the crime or accident that you have committed.

A small petty crime could involve a hand being lost or a major crime death. All of the Hammurabi laws are extreme compared to the lax laws we have today. An example would be stealing. If you were caught stealing in Summeria the Hammurabi law would be to cut off the hand that you used to steal the item. If the item was a minor one your hand would be chopped off but if it was an important or important item such as gold, or someone’s slave the penalty would mostly likely be death. Today’s law if you were caught stealing probably a warning for small items and if it was a important item mostly a fine and a sentence to jail.