Laws and first aid

COSHH. Legislation called COSHH (control of substances hazardous to health) covers substances that can cause ill health . Such substances must have labels on them. (k2s17) 3. It is the duty of all staff within the sector to safeguard children to protect them from harm and danger ,and for us to be aware of all safety issues within the setting . If I were in a situation where my concerns were not taken seriously or followed through I would report this to my supervisor or manager, as colleagues could be putting a childs life at risk. (k2p18) 4. The manual handling (MHOR) act came into force in January 1993.

The risk assessment approach is applied whenever things or people are moved by hand. The responsibility for implementing safety requirements tends to fall on personnel directly responsible for the co-ordination and supervision of work. It is the employees responsibility to avoid the need for hazardous manual handling, as far as reasonably practical. Employers assess the risk of injury and to reduce the risk of injury. Employees responsibility to follow appropriate systems at work for their own safety. They must make proper use of equipment provided to minimise the risk of any injury.

Co-operate with employers regarding health and safety matters and take care to make sure their activities do not put others at risk. Risk assessment with lifting and carrying children -you must ensure that when lifting children you bend with your knees , not with your back !!! , or this could cause back injuries. When carrying children make sure that your pathway is clear , so not to trip or fall . (k2h19) 5 a. Safety factors; providing a safe enviroment HEALTH promotion and prevention infection SAFTEY precautions to prevent accidents and abuse

EQUIPMENT ensuring equipment is well maintained and safe ORGANISATION ensuring adults, space and equipment are available to meet all PHYSICAL ENVIROMENT ensuring premises are safe, secure and suitable RATIO there is a recommended ratio of adults to children needs BRITISH STANDARDS AGENCY, (BSI). If an item has a kite mark it means the BSI has independently tested and confirmed that the product complies with the relevant standard and is safe and reliable. Products are not legally required to carry before they can be sold within the European Union, and must carry a CE marking.

Some products may carry both , which means that BSI has also tested them against the appropriate standard. b. It is important to use equipment that is appropriate for the age , needs and abilities of the child so the child can join in safely with all activities, and it may be needed to make some adaptions to the environment to make it safe. It is also important to use the correct equipment to help all children in their development. c Manufacturers instructions should be closely followed, especially if items need cleaning, and you should replace any old items for new as they become less effective through wear and tear.

(k2h20) 6 a. It is important that regular safety checks are made on equipment , to make sure they are not broken ,they may need cleaning, are they working effectively? They may need replaced. b. To store cleaning fluids and weed killer, they would need to be in a cleaning cupboard, locked at all times. , and ensuring they are labelled correctly. To store medicines these should be again in a locked cupboard within the setting out of the reach of children, again these should have the correct label on. c. To dispose of medicines, you would need to take them to your doctors surgery or pharmacist.

Broken glass would need to be placed in a bag, well wrapped and marked glass/ fragile and then taken to a recycling bin. To dispose of plastic bags , you could take them along to a recycling bin ,and dirty nappies, these should be placed in bags and disposed of in a industrial refuse bin, or incinerator if possible. The child should have a record card with emergency contact numbers of parents , grandparents, or other relatives . They should be people who are easily contacted, and who in turn can contact parents if necessary.

The person in charge must get in touch with the emergency contact as soon as possible and tell that person about the incident, and where the child is being taken to, if the child has to go to hospital before the parents arrive someone the child knows well should go to the hospital with them. Even a minor accident should be entered in the accident book . The accident may need to be reported to the health and safety executive. A full report is needed. In any incident the person in charge should look at what happened to see what could be done to prevent a similar incident happening again.

In an accident report you will need to include some information. It should have the childs name, the date and time of accident or incident . where the accident occurred, nature of injury, treatment given. A signature of person attending to child ,a witness if possible, and this must be shown to parents or carers the same day so they can sign it. (K2h28) 14 a. You will encounter children with different dietary needs and it is important that you understand what can affect a childs dietary requirments. The following can affect a childs diet. Medical conditions such as diabetes means that the pancreas cannot regulate the bodys sugar levels.

Coeliac disease is another medical condition which means children cannot absorb their food normally. Some children children go into anaphylactic shock if they eat certain foods. b. There are many types of allergic reactions these include blotchy red skin, swelling of the face and neck, breathing problems. c. There are many foods that can give an allergic reaction. These include lactose which is found in milk, histamine which is found in strawberries and ripe tomatoes, tartazine which is found in yellow food colouring ,some drinks and sweets also contain it, nuts which could be in many foods.