The research design for this study would be based on survey design and observational study. Here, both questionnaires and interview would be utilized in the gathering of data for the research. The questionnaires would be administered to teachers of the selected children. The interview would be conducted to selected respondents within a locality.
This will comprise of law enforcement officers of different cadres, people with personal experience as witness to domestic violence, victims with direct experience (relations to law enforcement officials and others). For each respondent the interview is expected to last between 20 minutes to 30 minutes. To expand the scope of gathering data, similar questions that are drawn in the interview would be administered out to members of the public to gather they view on the subject matter of the research work through questionnaires.
Those to be interviewed would be 50 respondents comprising of 20 law enforcement agents (10 from the higher rank and 10 from lower ranked officers), 15 people who are witnessed to domestic violence, and 15 respondents that are victim of domestic violence ( either as relative to a law enforcement officer or other victim not related to one). The questionnaires tend to go a far reach to gathering the response of people from different areas. In this research, 100 questionnaires would be administered.
The distribution pattern would comprise of 20 questionnaires to law enforcement agents in superior cadre, 20 questionnaires to employees of law enforcement in their lower cadre, 30 to respondents who have witnessed domestic violence, and 30 to respondents who are direct victims of domestic violence. The research design is chosen because of the easy in data gathering and it is most adequate for a research of this nature. Respondents would be in position to give answer to the questionnaires and interview conducted.
Furthermore, personal observation by the researcher would aid in getting and noticing those little details that would assist in the conduct of the research ( this is effective in direct interview, where expression of the respondents in answering a question goes a long way to tell if the truth is being said or not). Sampling Method The quota sampling method would be used in selecting the subjects for the study. Quota sampling is a non-probability sampling method, a form of accidental sampling done in line with quota or strata in the total population.
According to Odiagbe (1999:48), quota sample is selected in such a way that various components appear not only in proportion to their sizes in the target population but selection is stopped as soon as enough of the sub-group is selected. The quota sampling method is adequate for this study since there is a placement of quota selection on those to form the research respondents. In addition, quota-sampling being a non-probability method would make the selection of the respondents for the study to be easy.
Anyone can be included in the group selection; so far, the numbers of selection do not exceed the allocated percentage ratio apportioned for the aforementioned category of respondents for each group. Data Collection Methods In the course of conducting this re search, both primary and secondary data would be utilized. The primary data would be generated from self-administered questionnaires to the respondents. The questionnaires would contain two sections. Sections A, would have the bio-data of the respondents, while section b would have questions relating to the study and the research questions.
The questionnaires would be sent through e-mail and postal mail to reach wide areas and prevent the restriction of selecting the respondents to a particular area. This would also save cost of reaching respondents in distant areas. The choice of choosing questionnaire as an instrument for data collection boils to the fact that it would allow for ease in data collection and position the respondent in a calm atmosphere, devoid of threat and victimization when giving answers to the questions. Also would be secrecy and protection of respondent privacy when questionnaires are administered.
Linkert 5 scale measurement would be used to grade the answers given by the respondents. Below are the grade apportioned to each answer given Options Apportioned score Strongly agree 5 Agree 4 Uncertain 3 Disagree 2 Strongly disagree 1 The secondary data would be used in deriving data and comparing previous findings and drawing conclusions for the study. The secondary data would be derived from journals, textbooks, newspapers articles, Internet materials and government gazettes.
DATA ANALYSIS The quantitative analysis method would be use for the analysis of the data for the study. Chi-square (X2) would be used in testing the r e search questions. The formula for the chi-square (x2) is X2+ (O-E) 2 /E Where ‘O’ represent the observed frequency ‘E ‘represents the expected frequency. The decision rule for the chi- square (X2) include Accept the null hypothesis (H0), when the calculated value of X2 is lesser than the table value of X2. Hence, reject the alternate hypothesis (H1).
Reject the null hypothesis (H0), when the calculated value of X2 is greater than the table value of X2. Hence, accept the alternate hypothesis (H1). The findings of the research study would be derived based on the conclusion reached from the statistical analysis carried out. Chi- square, as a statistical tool would be used in testing the research hypothesis. Based on the result of the test a conclusion would be drawn quantitatively, whether to accept or reject the hypothesis. The observational aspect of the study would stand as a qualitative method in backing up the findings for the research.