When looking back at the advances of the past decade, one can only wonder where law enforcement trends will head as we forge deeper into the 21st century. We have experienced some amazing technological advances, such as the use of DNA as evidence to try cases. If forced to choose three future trends, that I am personally looking forward to, first would be the continued expansion, improvement, and innovations, that have been happening in the community involvements sector, such as corrections, and policing.
Crime is often connected with drug use, and " Drug abuse today is more acute, and widespread than in any previous age. (Fleckenstein. Hanson. Venturelli. 2005. p. 19). As we move through the predicted "change in the total diversity of the community” (Conser. Gingerich. Russell. 2005. p. 420), community involvement will be even more integral to the success of law enforcement efforts. Hopefully concrete progress in this sector will help improve funding for keeping up with another trend, technology.
I am looking forward to the required formation, of a unified, connected, nationwide DNA database, of all convicted criminals. Having this admissible ‘evidence’ on file, may even prove to be useful as a deterrent before recidivism occurs. Implantable Micro chip GPS to help effectively monitor parolee and probation individuals. Which brings me to my last future trend that I hope to see continue, which is improved communications between the various branches and agencies that make up Law Enforcement.
Through use of new technology, and the implementation of methods such as” NGT strategies” (Ibid. ), as well as, Delphi techniques (Ibid), to help law enforcement perform to it’s maximum efficiency, and stay on the leading edge of trends, as they are developing. Communication problems have beleaguered law enforcement efforts for far too long now. There are three major systems of criminal justice, Police Departments, Courts (Of all levels) and Corrections. Initial Criminal Justice response begins with the Police department, and begins when a crime is witnessed by, or reported to the police.
Then the court system, through due process will determine innocence or guilt, and determine the sentence, or punishment for the offense. The role of corrections is to enforce the rulings made by the courts system. Many practitioners have claimed that the criminal justice system is a Non System, that it is not geared to work effectively. This is because " The law enforcement system of the United States is fragmented, and non standardized.
Each agency operates within it's own jurisdiction" (Conser. Gingerich. Russell. 2005. p.106), as well under their own rules, and regulations. Instead of one smoothly operating system, it is instead a loose confederation of thousands of agencies, lacking cohesion, and cooperation.
References: Juvenile Justice: McIlhinney, PC. 2007. “ When a Minor Commits A Crime”. Criminal Find Law. Com. http://criminalfindlaw. com/crimes/juvenile justice/when minor commits crime. html. (Accessed 25 January 2009). Elrod, Preston R. Ryder, Scott. 2005. Juvenile Justice: A Social, Historical, and Legal Perspective. Edition: 2, illustrated. Jones & Bartlett Publishers.