To psychologist this is the most active of all their roles as they occur in the political arena (Schneider et al, 2005). In this role they do researches to find ways of changing the society for the better. They study the effects of prejudice and segregation in order to help the society better itself. Psychologists help in uniting the society by teaching it to be more passive. In performing this role, ethical issues arise on whether the psychologist is playing the role of an educator or an advocate. The psychologist provides advice to people in the political arena thereby making them an advocate.
On the other hand, they act as impartial educators as they teach people how to be passive in order to unite the society. Teaching and giving advice are two different roles which have different purposes and guidelines. The players of the legal system and their duties within the legal system Courts These are institutions which are given the mandate to dispense criminal, civil or administrative justice and adjudicate legal disputes in accordance with the law. The court facilities can range from simple houses to huge buildings composed of many rooms.
In most cases, courts are the central means for resolving disputes in the society as they allow individuals to bring their claims and for the accused individuals to defend themselves. Additionally, courts can be classified as either trial courts or appellate courts. Most trial courts are composed of the judge and the jury. The jury is responsible for making the findings of fact under the judge’s direction, and then the judge makes the conclusion on matters concerning the law. In the appellate court, which is sometimes called the bench trial, the judge makes all the decisions concerning fact and law.
Judges These individuals are the arbiters of justice, as they preside over the court of law either as a single individual or as part of a panel. Their functions, powers, discipline, appointment method and training vary depending on their jurisdictions. Their responsibilities involves hearing all the witnesses and evidences presented in a case, assessing the credibility of both parties and issuing a ruling based on law interpretation, personal judgment and in some cases the jury’s decision. Lawyers These are individuals who are licensed to practice law in the society.
Their roles vary across different legal jurisdictions and thus different lawyers may have different roles. Some of their responsibilities include prosecuting and defending criminal suspects, negotiating and drafting contracts, providing legal advice, advocacy and many others. Law is doctrinal and psychology is empirical Law is termed as doctrinal because it operates on a case to case basis. Its results depend on fixed rules and principles which have been put in place and also on previous cases which have been resolved.
The results are fixed as the law must decide the case. Psychology is termed empirical because a decision can be postponed when the results are not reliable and accurate. The psychologist can decide to postpone a decision if the results are ambiguous to allow time for more research to be done. Word count: 958. Reference list Schneider F. , J. Gruman and L. Coutts, (2005). Applied social psychology: understanding and addressing social and practical problems. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications. p. 16-17.