Two, the cost and efficiency gains from the consolidation of the present 39 state-structure could be channelled towards improved provision of public services and better quality of governance. A computerised national identity card scheme has become an imperative. Three, states should invest in smart security, especially preventative security, which could involve phone tapping, extensive use of moles, and possible use of private armies and private military companies in protracted conflict areas.
In this sense, the recent call by Governor Peter Obi of Anambra state that he would hold traditional rulers in the state in whose domain kidnapping takes place culpable, appears misplaced. Traditional rulers, especially in the Southeastern states, only have ornamental value and should therefore not be expected to be the chief security officers of their kingdoms. They are not paid security agents of the state, and should therefore not be expected to play the role of moles, which was never part of the duties of traditional rulers. There is however merit in the proposal that kidnapping should attract capital punishment.
Four, in the social contract theory that created the notion of sovereign (monarch or constituted national authority), a key argument is that prior to the creation of the sovereign, there was what the English political philosopher, Thomas Hobbes, called the ‘state of nature’. This ‘state of nature’, he argued, was characterised by the ‘war of all against all’. People agreed to the creation of this sovereign, and willingly gave up their right to self-help because they were very eager to escape the conditions in this ‘state of nature’ where life was ‘short, nasty and brutish’.
This is the underlying philosophy of the social contract between the government and the governed. It could therefore be argued that pervasive insecurity is a key manifestation of the breach of this social contract by the government. This raises an interesting question of whether citizens should continue to be bound by this social contract when one of the parties – the state- is increasingly failing to keep its own side of the bargain?
A state becomes a failed state when citizens and groups conclude that they too should no longer be bound by the terms of the social contract. In this scenario, the Hobbesian state of nature reigns. Is Nigeria moving in this direction? Sponsored Links CONTINUE ON PAGE 1 2 SEND TO A FRIEND Articles published on this website are reviewed before publication, which means there may be a delay between the time you sent your article and its appearance on the website. Holler Africa! reserves the right to edit articles for style and length. View Comments.
Sunday Aigbe Date:Feb 18, 2013 Adibe provides an intriguing analysis of the causes of kidnapping in Nigeria which he sees as the symptom of a deeper problem the failing of Nigeria as a state. So far so good! He proposes the ascendancy of for lack of a better term good political economy as the solution. In so doing Adibe resorts to Western political paradigms as models par excellence for curing our ills hence the limits of his prescriptions to make a difference in our search for enduring solutions to our seemingly intractable problem.
Adoption of Western models first as a paradigm for understanding Nigeria’s sorry state and second as cookie-cutter solutions to Nigerian kidnapping situation is itself a part of (if not the) problem. Solutions to what I might call again for lack of a better term the Nigerian tangle of pathology must begin and end in Nigeria. Western view of the world or worlview is dualistic in nature and centers on the State (the polis) while Nigerian/African view of the world is holistic in nature and begins with emphasis on the state (the society).
Thus for example for the European I think therefore I am and for the Americans I eat therefore I am. But the Africans I belong therefore I am. Efforts to adapt let alone adopt a political economy based on Western paradigms will meet with dismal failure which has been the story of Nigeria (and African nation states) for the past five decades (and I dare say five centuries) if not longer. Thus if kidnapping is a symptom of a failed or falling state a failing state is a symptom of an otherwise unsuspecting mismatch of diametrically opposed worldviews and social order.
Put differently there have always been a lot of the so-called political and social ills (bribery kidnapping slavery circumcision ) in Nigerian and African nation states and kingdoms dating back to thousands of years long before there was Europe or America as we know them. Nigeria/Africa has always found ways to control and manage these ills. (After all a primary lesson of social history is that the people with the problem tend to also have the solution).
The difference between then and now is the proliferation in misnomer: a quest for solutions and answers to the intractable tangle of pathology that begins with good analyses of the root causes but ends with prescriptions that are alien to Nigerian/Africa worldviews and in effect social order. Most of the ills facing Nigeria will be reduced to manageable state in frequency and intensity if the State (government) and state (society) take full responsibilities for their interrelated/interdependent roles and work hands in gloves to track and tackle them.
Clarisa Date:Feb 01, 2013noprin is a step in the right direction i do hope d Prez does sonethimg about this extrajudicial killings is an awful thing…….. sometimes i wonder abt these ppl sonethimgs they do sounds crazy unreal they need psycho therapy too or better pay or both. and some of these policemen need to be fired and jailed themselves for the crimes they have committed. Famous Date:Jan 15, 2013 For the youths or u and me to strive we need; 1. Integrity keepers within the youths 2. Ready to support and stand for a well informed promising youth who may be termed “Activist”. 3. Know our rights 4.
Kill Fear 5. Enlighten others of Thier hidden potentials. Note: We make things happen when we have one mind. No real change occurs without persecution(Nelson Mandela) or sacrifice. Which Nigeria Youth is ready to support the so called “Scape Goat”? I’ve been in such situation. Adweko geofrey Date:Dec 20, 2012 Nigerian govt shld pay much attention on the security of its citizens. ODINAKA JUDE Date:May 07, 2012 Kidnapping in Nigeria is a very bad business as they celled it to be a business in which people go into. the old people need to give the young ones to take the mantle of leadership.
chibuike maduabuchi Date:May 07, 2012 nigeria should not clam to be ignorant of the problem. the major problem is that the leaders failed have to live up to their expectations. what we have as leaders are selfish leaders and sycophants occupying the sit of leadership. dabsman101 Date:May 07, 2012 it is dishearthing n so depressing………. let just hopr there will be change mustapha. a. Date:Dec 06, 2010 we Nigerians need to realize that we are the giant of Africa. We have to make our nation a place to be and lead by example. great Nigeria great Nation. UDEME UKPONG
Date:Nov 21, 2010 LET THE POLITICIANS THAT BROUGTH THEM TO STOP OTHER POLITICIANS FROM CONTESTING TELL THEM TO DROP THIER ARMS FOR THE INTEREST OF OTHER PATRIOTIC CITIZENS AND INVESTORS TO INVEST IN NIGERIAN ECONOMY Nwosu Tochukwu A. Date:Nov 12, 2010 Our structure from the colonial formative stage is the greatest challenge we have. Nigeria could be weak because we have not come to look inward and harness the wealth of potentials inherent here. But we are not a failed state. Like Prof Chinua Achebe said the trouble with Nigeria Is leadership. Valerie Ani Date:Oct 24, 2010.
I don’t believe Nigeria is a failing or failed country. This is a problem that began with u and I. Wethe citizens of Nigeria have to change our mentality. Each one of us don’t believe in the next person and is not ready to give the next person a chance of oppoortunity. hw can we grow? Raza Hussain Date:Oct 01, 2010 Its just due to corrupt politcians by foreign willingness how come a crude exporting country have biggest un employment rate and i belive due to Engineered system by Captilisam Socialisam is only way to let nigeria out from problems as well other countries of world AMARACHI.
Date:Oct 01, 2010 Indeed Nigeria is a failed state? Y on earth will families abduct each other for money. No wonder the Bible clearly states’MONEY IS THE ROOT OF ALL EVIL’. Nigerian Youths should be empowered with good jobs to keep their minds away from all manner of evil especially KIDNAPPING maureen Date:Sep 29, 2010 I think the society needs to be sensitized on the menace of kidnapping in Nigeria. We should handle the case of kidnapping the way our forefathers would handle it. What the Nigerian society needs now is a miracle.
Everyone has one thing or the other to saybut who will effectualize these suggestions? Yes the youths are the leaders of today. You youth that makes comments what have you contributed so far to this issue on ground how have you tried to help the governmentpoliceour communal elders and the society in general to curb thi problem? Nigeria’s miracle will begin with you and me. tope Adebayo Date:Sep 29, 2010 I disagree Nigeria might be a weak state but never a failing state. if the definition of a failed/failing state is anything to go by.
Because you have an isolated crisis in one or some parts of the country does not not translate to inability to maintain law and order. similar incidents are happening in developed countries too. The shootings of children in schools the shootings on campus in the US cannot be regarded as symptoms of a failing state ? The bombing of world trade centre cannot be regarded as symptoms of a failing American states ? Nigerian Police though seemingly overwhelmed by t he saga are coping well given the tough terrain and lack of operational tools required to combat the menace paul osita Date:Sep 21, 2010.
Nigeria can never change unless you and me stand up give in like nelson mandelamugabeeven Rollins and others and say no and mean NOirrespective of the death consiquecies or any threat. Nigeria needs someone to lead the race to change. nwokolo martins Date:Sep 21, 2010 kidnapping in Nigeria is very bad and must be dealt with. the causes are 1. lack of employment e. t. c Chibuzor Date:Aug 02, 2010 This article is highly rated. It is a good refrence work. mufty Date:Aug 02, 2010 The issue of kidnapping in Nigeria has to do with the structure of Nigerian society. the fact remains that”society prepares crime criminals commits it”.
in a state where every thing goes why not criminal activities kidnapping included. “WE NEED GOOD LEADERSHIP THAT WILL AUTOMATICALLY WIPE OUT THE EXISTING SOCIO-POLITICAL STRUCTURE IN NIGERIA” YOUTH IN NIGERIA MUST WAKE UP TO THEIR TASK REMEMBER WE THE LEADERS OF TODAY AND NOT TOMORROW AS THEY SAID. okesanya adeshola Date:Aug 02, 2010 yes i do agreeour nation is already a failing state and i wonder what the next generation stands to hold. yayaji Date:Aug 02, 2010 I think the problems of Nigeria is bad leadership not any other thing. we keep saying our police are corrupt but yet nothing done.
we need better leaders in Nigeria not these bunch of tyrants we are having now!!! that is the only solutions. victor okpon Date:Jun 06, 2010 youths in nigeria must rise to the task of fighting negative social vices kidnapping in particular.. we owe this to our dear father land and the generations yet unborn. “Arise o compatriots” to the call. GOD BLESS NIGERIA ADENRELE Date:May 05, 2010 GOOD AND FINE Post Your Comments Title: Pervasive Kidnapping in Nigeria: Symptom of A Failing State? Name: Message: (9000 chars max) Security Code * Security Code Please enter value in box as you see in image.