The term juvenile can be referred to as the youth. According to the law, juveniles are transferred to criminal court at the age of 14 years to 17 years of age (juvenilelaw. org, 2003). However, there are some states who have no minimum requirement and there are some who had set the minimum to the ages 10 to 14 years of age. A list of states and the minimum age requirement is provided in Appendix A. When a juvenile is charged has been transferred to a criminal court and found delinquent, the juvenile is put under “probation”.
The National Youth Offender Demonstration Project states that a probation is the conditions of release that the court has placed upon the youth and his or her family under court order. In probation, the offender is placed and maintained in the community under a supervision of a Probation officer. Review hearings are used to monitor the progress of the probation and to hear the reports of the probation staff. II. Juvenile Probation The Texas Youth Commission reports that the commission has provided 41,354 juvenile supervisions per day.
Statistics show that among the supervised youth, 24,166 (58. 44%) per day are under probation supervision, 10,756 (26%) per day under deferred prosecution and 6,432 (15. 55%) per day are under pre-dispositional probation. According to the information given by the Superior Court of Arizona, juveniles are detained by diversion. A diversion is a program that a juvenile is ordered to do to satisfy his obligation without going through a formal court process. However, there are juveniles who are required to appear before a juvenile judge.
The juveniles subjected to appear in court are enumerated as follows: The individuals who have been accused of a serious crime. Examples of serious crimes are stealing a car or aggravated result. Second are the youths who have been accused of at least two other times for any kind of offense. Lastly, is the youth who have not completed assigned diversion program. III. Juvenile Probation Terms Juvenile Probation Order may be for a specified period of time or open ended.
Depending on the level of offense, supervision ranges from pre-disposition supervision, to deferred prosecution, probation and parole. (Texas Youth Commission, 2004) There are also available Intensive Supervision Probation Programs available for the juveniles whose risk require more services and contact with the probationary officers. According to the Superior Court of Arizona, there are requirements for that the juveniles need to do. These requirements can be called as the “terms” of probation or Juvenile Probation Programs.
Juvenile Probation Programs include helping with academics, drug counseling and alcohol abuse, family therapy, mental health evaluation and follow-up services, employment preparation and job placement services and community services. Beside the programs, the court may also give special terms like the regular testing of drugs by the probationer, cutting of relationships with certain persons, and pay restitution to a victim. As such, the probationer must respect the decision of the ourt.
There are also special rules regarding the age limit of juveniles, since there is a minimum age requirement for some state, such rules are implemented by a selection state. The Superior Court of Arizona explains that when a juvenile on probation is turning 18, he or she is automatically released from probation. However, if he still has a restitution or if the offender still has a fine to pay, then he could be transferred to the civil court as an adult and forced to pay the fine or restitution. IV. Juvenile Probation Supervision
The office of the Probation and Pretrial services gives the right to the probationary officers to take charge of the probationer. According to the Services report, before the court gives the probationer his Probation Program, the probation officer investigates on the background of the offense and the offender. When all the information had been gathered, the officer creates a presentence report that would help the court to determine the proper sentence for the offender. The officer provides recommendations for the probationer before he is released to the community.
After recommending and the decision of the court, the probationer is guided or supervised by the probationary officer. Probationary officers evaluates the response of the offender to the plan and if there are any changes necessary for the supervision plan then the officer revises it. Control of the risk offenders is necessary for the probation officers. The Officers provide correctional treatment to help the probationers become a good member of the community. V. Conclusion Juvenile Probation is a good step for the law to introduce or teach the concept of responsibility to the youth.
Taking on consideration the number of juvenile supervision since 2004 in the statistics stated above, it is obvious that this could become a state problem. However, judging from the actions that the state is doing, it can be seen that the government is doing everything in their power to solve the problem. There are several websites regarding juvenile probation and juvenile delinquency and the government is pushing more programs to fit in to the needs of the juvenile offenders in the state.