Jeffrey (2006) found out that the juvenile court was behaving like an empty shell in removal of arrogance which was found in rehabilitative ideal. The courts were found to be working at a chameleon pace and this was raising a lot of questions to many scholars. Mark (2006) later expressed the view that the children were still experiencing injustice where they were being treated as criminals. These studies have not yet established the justification for employing the juvenile policy which would lead to heightened procedure for the assimilation of the policy.
This research paper has investigated the historical justification which supports the juvenile policy and expound on how the policy was implemented. 2. 0 Juvenile Policy for placement of children to residential schools There has been an observation from the philosophy of various states that the policy for juvenile courts has not been effective for at least a generation before the centenary (Hanson, 2004). This made children in the Native America to continue being mistreated. Children were required to be rehabilitated and hence the juvenile policy was stressed which would help rescue the children.
There were a lot of complains and many scholars took the front line to counter the slow pace which was being adapted by the juvenile court in regard to implementation of the policy. This policy was thereafter assimilated in the court process and the crimes which were committed by the children reduced by half (Hanson, 2004). This has further raised alarm on need for study of the historical implication of the policy. 2. 1 Historical Justification of Implementation of Juvenile Policy. Many scholars have tried to identify the justifications for the use and implementation of juvenile policy.
Mark (2006) observed that America did not have any juvenile policy being exercised. However, America was using the age criteria to sort out issues which concerned the young ones. Chicago had the fist juvenile court but this was back in 1899 while in 1925 only two states in the United States did not have a juvenile court. This later on helped in the formulation of Juvenile policy aimed at helping children who were being mistreated. This brought about need for children to be treated differently from the adults and the need to help rehabilitate children.
It was found out that there was need for juvenile court to take possible actions which would help the children who would be at risk. There were great definitions made in respect to the policy so that all kids who needed help could be determined. This aimed at making sure that large powers could be exercised in all cases so that the children who deserved assistance could receive it. 2. 2 Implementation of Policy Juvenile policy was implemented by the use of various programs which were community based. A common mistake in addressing was found on its effects rather than the main issues underlying its causes.
Governments and individuals alike went to great depths in addressing the effects of the scourge, on the other hand the initiatives directed towards redress of the main causative factors have been limited. If the social system is really serious, as they have made everyone else believe, they should address the roots of the problem. The society should formulate and implement policies that will best address this issue and ensure that the society is affected minimally by cases of juvenile injustice. 3. 0 Availability of SVJs One of the causative issues behind juvenile delinquency is mental problem.
Minors with health problems are statistically more prone to delinquency than the normal ones. This problem was clearly seen in the considerable number of suicides recorded among such persons who the society labeled as ‘mad’. Thomas (2003) observed that the adults in the western have been mistreating children to an extent that the children engage in felonious delinquency. The youths were seen to be working hard to outdo the adults who seemed to be oppressing them. Children who committed serious crimes received destructive punishment which was found to be unnecessarily harsh.
Findings show an increment of children who commit serious offenses which has been associated with policy makers who are a bit reluctant and fail to take into consideration the children’s’ needs. 3. 1 Proposals for svjs Many writers have come up with different proposals on what should be done to svjs with the various scholars rising recommendations for all policy makers to put across. Many serious offenders are found to be lawbreakers who have not been receiving serious attention from the policy makers. This has been found to be more in youths who are defiance of their parents.
Most violence defiance have been found to be the ones who are linked with family conflict and who have experienced various discords in their up bringing. Jeffrey (2006) found out that defiances are more of males than females where the delinquencies from males were found to be more serious than those from females. Jeffrey (2006) added that girls under 18 years of age were being arrested than male although he stressed that the arrest did not interpret the number of crimes committed. Furthermore, there have been findings illustrating the likely hood of young boys to be involved in serious crimes which are of violence nature than the girls.
Most girls were found to involve in violence crimes after dropping out of their schools and most cases are abused sexually which hence lead them to crime. Mark (2006) noted that there is need to incorporate knowledge especially in the risk management to help the victims of svjs to recover. Such a program was found to be of great importance for it would assist the victims of svjs to be placed in the rehabilitation centers and therefore the individuals will be far from their peers and thus far from further influence.
Most scholars are therefore recommending and proposing that the violent children be taken to centers where they can be rehabilitated. According to Mark (2006) the rehabilitate receive individualized treatment and they are therefore able to obtain great counseling and advise on how they can change the way they perceive things which affect them in life. 3. 2 Historical Justifications which are observed According to many writers, there is a lot of lapse in the treatment of children who commit violence crimes.
It has been illustrated that lack of programs to rehabilitate children as a means which will bring about positive growth has caused many children to be deeper involved in crimes. Policy makers have been pointed out to be the ones delaying in the process of juvenile policy which is required to help the children. Many children have been observed to experience harsh treatment especially when they are treated in the same way the adults are treated. This has raised great concerns to many individuals who claim that the young ones are in need of fair treatment.
Scholars argued that juvenile policy has been dragging and it indeed has taken too long to be implemented. All scholars have been raising the whistle for future debate so that all children can be taken care of. Juvenile policy was found to be the only effective method to safe the children. 3. 3 Depth of the policy Mark (2006) observed that juvenile policy has been dragging since there was the establishment of juvenile court in Chicago in the year 1899 which was followed by formation of similar courts in other states in America in 1925 with an exemption of only 2 states.
From all this time, it was not until in the twenty century that juvenile policy was being implemented. There are still issues concerning formulation of other policies which will aim at helping the children to cope up with life situation. The policy has therefore not yet gone a great depth. 4. 0 Conclusion Juvenile policy has been found to be the best way to stop harassment received by children who commit crimes. Most girls were found to involve in violence crimes after dropping out of their schools and most cases are abused sexually which hence lead them to more crime.
Stress has been put on the need to incorporate knowledge especially in the risk management to help the victims of svjs to recover. Such a program was found to be of great importance for it would assist the victims of svjs to be placed in the rehabilitation centers and therefore the individuals will be far from their peers and thus far from further influence. Most scholars are therefore recommending and proposing that the juvenile children be taken to centers where they can be rehabilitated.
The rehabilitate receive individualized treatment and they are therefore able to obtain great counseling and advise on how they can change the way they perceive things which affect them in life. References Mark, D. (2006). Social Policies for Children. Oxford: Blackwell. Hanson, P. (2004). Historical Evidence for Children and Family policies. New York: Doubleday. Jeffrey, F. (2006). Juvenile Policy Justification. Austin: University of Texas Press. Fredrick, G. (2005). Native American Children. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Thomas, W. (2003). Policies and Programs in America. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Education.