It is a common knowledge that juvenile delinquencies refer to various offenses committed by youths under age of 18. These children offenses normally are delinquent acts which when committed by adults can be considered as crimes. The offenses start from misbehavior in the likes of truancy and parental disobedience which later on if not properly checked on time will graduate to more serious offenses like burglary and heinous crimes. It is an accepted fact that there are many causes of juvenile delinquency. It is a common knowledge that children born out of a broken family and raised in a neighborhood of
criminals and drug users will one day belong to the group. Furthermore, it is a common belief that despite the child being born to a decent family, the child will also be a juvenile delinquent if most of his peers in school and neighborhood used to bully him daily. It is believed that environment has a profound effect on the child as his development and perception of what is an acceptable behavior or act will depend on the standard of the environment where the child lives. If being disobedient to parents is an accepted practice in the neighborhood, then the there is more reason why the child next door will do
the same. It is a common belief that being disobedient to relatives, kins and parents who always ensure the best to his children is the root cause of juvenile delinquency and offenses. According to history. com, starting in the mid 1990’s official crime reports from the US revealed that almost 20% of all persons arrested for criminal offenses were under 18 years of age. The website encyclopedia revealed that about 30% of those accosted for most serious crimes were juveniles and about 13% are under the age of 15. (“Juvenile crimes in the US”, 1st par. ). The history. com website further revealed that unofficial reports
point to higher percentage of juveniles involved in minor criminal offenses which include “vandalism, shoplifting, underage drinking, and marijuana use” (“Juvenile crimes in the US, 9th line). It is very clear that these offenses could have been prevented if only the juveniles are obedient and disciplined by their parents. It can be hypothesized that in order to understand the causes of juvenile delinquency, there must be existing theories which can explain its development. If there are theories, then there can be a plan to counteract or prevent the development of juvenile delinquency. This paper aims to dig dipper on at least
two of the theories and outline a plan to address the commission of youthful offenses. 2 In considering the causes of juvenile delinquency, a scientific approach is the most appropriate. According to the book of Burfeind and Bartusch in 2005, the scientific study of juvenile delinquency involve describing and explanation of delinquent activities through theory and research. The authors claimed that theory provide a systematic and logical explanation of what is important in the cause of delinquency and the reason for being so (Burfeind and Bartusch 7). The theories of delinquency is therefore composed of concepts and propositions.