Juvenile delinquency is a complicated social crisis that considerably affects the entire processes and members of a social structure. However, I believed that having risk factors of delinquency does not automatically guarantee criminal behavior, although it increases the possibility of such behavior. For many juveniles, the thought of juvenile justice system, such as interacting with a judge or a probation officer, spending a night in juvenile hall, facing their parents, being detained by a law enforcement officer, is enough to keep them from committing offences.
Different Types of Juvenile Offenders There are two general types of juvenile offenders, the adolescent limited and life-course persistent (Wright, n. d. , p. 1). The adolescent limited juvenile offenders are those characterized as normal offender with limited duration; while life-course persistent juvenile offenders are those who have committed serious delinquencies at a very young age and at a high-rate.
In my opinion, there are a practically small number of youths who carry out crime; however, for those youths who do commit crimes, a good number of them will only commit no more than two transgressions. Unfortunately, for the latter type or the juvenile who are accountable for violent crimes are at higher possibility of becoming a chronic offender, carrying out additional types of crimes are expected to be given an institutional punishment. Behaviors Indicative of the Likelihood of a Juvenile Becoming an Offender
Juveniles who are chronic recidivists are liable for a large percentage of juvenile crime. These juveniles commit their earliest crime at a very young age, and even at this young age, these juveniles demonstrate a range of serious problems indicative of the likelihood of becoming a juvenile offender. Violent and serious juvenile offenders are likely to develop behavior problems that consist of property offenses, dishonesty, gang membership, substance abuse, aggression, and conflict with persons in authority.
Modern study traces violent juvenile behavior to social and human factors rather than exclusively to biological factors. Influences such as parental care, economics, school involvement, and community environment now appear to establish violent behavior among juveniles. Explanations of the Popularity of Drug Use in the United States When it comes to substance abuse, American youths are constantly playing catch up. Whenever a new drug hits the streets, its attractiveness soars, and young people find themselves fighting for it.
The primary factors that influence the popularity of drug use among youths are the perceived social approval and perceived availability. Perceived availability is normally associated with general social approval. For this reason, since drugs are perceived to be readily available, it is generally regarded by America youths as socially acceptable, thus increasing the popularity of drug use. Relationship is Between Drug Use and Delinquency As I observed, illicit drug use and juvenile delinquency have been a constant problem in the United States, notwithstanding the endeavors pursued to restrain them.
Several researches have established that the relationship between illicit drug use and juvenile delinquency are contributory; while other researches ascertained that the two behaviors are associated to other external variables. In general, however, latest researches have found that larger proportion of hard drug users are violent delinquents and a smaller proportion of violent delinquents are exploiting hard drugs. Conclusion Unquestionably there are various factors that contribute to the causes of juvenile delinquency, and it is doubtful that any adolescent becomes a delinquent for any single cause.
For many adolescents, delinquency is seen as their only escape from family, school and social problems. Although numerous endeavors have been made to develop delinquency prevention programs, there is little confirmation that any of these programs is valid and helpful. Reference Wright, J. P. , (n. d. ). Why effective intervention is effective in the treatment of delinquency. The Ohio State University Partners. Retrieved March 27, 2009, from http://www. pfsacademy. org/whatsnew/05symposium/wright-delinquency. pdf