Juvenile crime is to a large extent a group phenomenon. Young people often commit offences. Thus, in this paper I have discussed different aspects of juvenile delinquency. I have further discussed procedures used by the justice system such as rehabilitative system, treatment-oriented system etc. The punitive model permits society to castigate youths for society's own failure in resolving social welfare problems. Moreover, Rehabilitative efforts are usually thriving only where there are legitimate opportunities presented for offenders while they leave the juvenile facility.
It is also found that televisions adversely affect children and motivate them to get violent behaviour. We further discussed juvenile crime in more detail. In the some recommendations are discussed to improve juvenile law and efforts to reduce it. Define Juvenile crime The delinquent child is dealt in a different way from the criminal: in the conduct involved; the court and its methods employed; the treatment philosophy, purposes, and methods applied; and in the individual's status, standing, and civil rights in the community after mediation.
There are currently about seventy million Americans under the age of 18, or a quarter of the total US population. Juvenile crime statistics report that 2. 3 million juveniles were arrested in 2002. This accounts for 17 percent of all arrests and 15 to 25 percent of all violent crimes. According to juvenile crime statistics, murder accounted for five percent of violent crimes committed by juveniles, 12 percent for rape, 14 percent for robbery, and 12 percent for aggravated assault. http://www. onlinelawyersource.
com/criminal_law/juvenile/statistics. html According to 1997 juvenile crime statistics, 1700 juveniles were involved in 1400 murders that year. One hundred thirty of these murders were perpetrated by a female. Approximately eighty percent of juvenile murders involve the use of a firearm. Forty percent of these crimes involve two or more juvenile offenders. Fifty six percent of the victims in these crimes are acquaintances of the murderer and 34 percent are strangers. http://www. onlinelawyersource.
com/criminal_law/juvenile/statistics. html The problem of characterization flows in part from the contrasting views of those who deal with the delinquent. Generally considered, two chief general types of approach might be observed: the judicial, or legal, view and the directorial, or casework, view. Conceptions of delinquency have been imitative largely from these views, and they in turn tend to reveal the two main phases of juvenile court work: the mediation of cases and their probation supervision.
In the legal approach to delinquency, it is customary to explain offences and penalties in specific terms so as to protect the citizen from arbitrary or undue acts of police and judicial authority and, at the same time, to safe the community against those whose conduct has been shown in court to be dangerous. Lawyer and judge are tending to stress as a precondition of treatment through criminal courts the following needs: (1) That some specific charges are suspected against the defendant, (2) That it is defined in definite terms by law,
(3) That the offences are proved rather decisively, (4) That protection is given to the accused throughout trial against conviction by false, misleading, detrimental, irrelevant, or irrelevant evidence (Boesky, L. M. 2002). The liberal political philosophy of Anglo-American democracy has developed and refined these principles in response against the arbitrary, tyrannical extremes of political and administrative authoritarianism; they have turns into firmly entrenched in the common law, constitutions, statutes, and institutional practices.