Juvenile Crime or Juvenile delinquency pertains to the violence perpetrated or committed by individuals whose ages range from eighteen below or those who are categorized or labeled as minors (Feld, 1999). Juvenile crime or juvenile delinquency has been subject to debates whether minors should be held criminally liable for the violence that they pulled off. Such has been a big issue especially in the legal system of the United States since juveniles being proven to commit a crime shall be subject to punishment as set by the law.
There are factors that said to affect the behavior of a juvenile. In connection with the juvenile crime or juvenile delinquency, the following are considered to be the most notable elements that motivate the juvenile to do criminal acts: abandonment, social institutions, and peer pressure (Feld, 1999). However, it said that poverty plays as the major factor that triggers the youth to act delinquently. Juvenile Crimes in California Juvenile Crime trends have became the most pressing issue in the state of California.
Though law-makers and law enforcers have really tried to address the problems caused by the fast growing rate of juvenile crime or juvenile delinquency, still the society perceives that the government should formulate a more effective way to lessen the crimes especially those that are perpetrated by the juveniles. Over the years, California’s juvenile justice system has changed based on the assertion that juveniles are special case under the criminal law (Curry, 1995). Thus, there is always a demand for treating juveniles differently as compared to adults.
Consequently, split courts and separate facilities were institutionalized by the Californian government to safeguard and recuperate the juveniles (Curry, 1995). Case of Grand Theft Auto as Committed by Juveniles in California Grand theft auto pertains to a theft crime that which involves the stealing of autos, cars and the likes. Grand theft can be categorized as either a felony or a misdemeanor and is subject to one year in district jail or state detention center as punishment (Feld, 1999).
Juvenile arrests in California show a high rate of arrests that is linked with property theft such as grad theft auto (Curry, 1995). In 1993, juvenile crime statistics show that twenty-six percent of juvenile arrests are accounted for property arrests. In addition, fifty-seven percent of all juvenile felony arrests are accounted for property crimes such as theft, burglary, motor vehicle theft, arson, and forgery. This shows that most of the crimes that juvenile committed are linked with theft-cases (Curry, 1995).
In addition, it is reported that those juveniles who perpetrate theft offenses such as grand theft auto are under the age of 16 (Curry, 1995). Such is really alarming since at a very young age, youth is becoming so involved in property crimes. Figure 1. Most Juvenile Felony Arrests Are for Property Crimes 1993 Also in 1993, grand theft auto crime rate, together with burglary, robbery and other theft crimes increased up to fifty-three percent (Curry, 1995). And it is to be noted that most of the juveniles age ranges from 16-18 which means that at such an early age, juveniles are even big contributors of crimes in California.
This group of juveniles is only part of the reported juveniles, whose age ranges from 11-19, who are accounted for almost one-thirds of the total number of crime perpetrators in California (Curry, 1995) In 2000 and in 2002, such rate increased for almost thirty-seven percent. Figure 2. Youth and Adults Accounted for Criminal Offenses in California 1993 Factors that Affect Juvenile Crime and Delinquency As mentioned earlier, poverty is the principal motivating force behind the misbehavior of the juveniles.
Because juveniles think that the only way to uplift their way of living is to gain money, they are triggered to do theft crimes such as grand theft auto in order to get money from it. Moreover, the environment that most of the juveniles who commit crimes and delinquencies are most likely described to be in an area where slow pace of commercialization and modernization are (Feld, 1999). Hence they tend to go outside of it and intend to have the things that they do not have in their place; or simply exchange the stolen properties (i.
e. cars) for money. At any rate, government has a big responsibility over these delinquent juveniles. The government should established institutions that would address the problem that these juveniles have in order to prevent them from doing unlawful acts. The government should secure the juveniles from the harsh environment that they have. They can do this by giving livelihood programs for the parents of these juveniles as well as giving these juveniles proper education for their future.
Lastly, parents should realize responsible parenthood. They should guide their children as they grow so as to keep them away from bad influences such as vices and bad peers. Parents should strengthen the family and their communication by being sensitive to what their children do and how they behave.
References: Curry, C. (1995). Juvenile crime: Outlook for California. Legislative Analyst's Office . Feld, B. C. (1999). Readings in Juvenile Justice Administration . Oxford University Press.