Juvenile Crime PaperIn this society, there are adolescences that happen to slip through the cracks and stay in the system of justice for criminals all through their existence even if some are bailed out by efficient guidelines during crucial developmental periods. The regulation for juvenile misconduct could be managed on criminals up until 21 years of age when the court considers that the offender is emerging. Some issues related with young crime has to do with living in an insecure family environment and family hostility, deprivation, drugs, negligent peer cliques, frequent contact with violence, media violent behavior, and easy exposure to firearms. The following paper will discuss the difference between juvenile and adult court, delinquency, status offences, variables of juvenile crime rates, and recommendations to prevent crimes committed by juveniles. Difference Between Juvenile and Adult Court
Even though adult and juvenile court mostly fluctuate from each state, there are clear factors that do differentiate the two systems of the court. In some courts a juvenile is considered to be under the age of 18, on the other hand in a different court if one is of the age of 18 one is considered an adult. Although if a child happens to be accused of murder, he or she would be transferred to adult court. Court for juveniles is concentrated on revitalizing or assisting children. Some of these children that have not performed previous crimes, but are mistreated or harmed by their parents or guardian would get their case tried in a juvenile court. The state pursues to confirm the adult executed the crime at hand, concerning adult court. Adults do not get the privilege that juveniles do by getting rehabilitation, adult court rather wants justice to be served. The expressions in juvenile and adult courts are not the same. For example, a juvenile in court is called a respondent. A defendant is what an adult is called in adult court. The conclusion of a indictment is titled a verdict in adult court, but in juvenile court is called adjudication. Delinquency
According to New York State Unified Court System (2013), “When a person who is under 16 years old, but is at least 7 years old, commits an act which would be a “crime” if he or she were an adult, and is then found to be in need of supervision, treatment or confinement, the person is called a juvenile delinquent.” Delinquency, destruction and intense misconducts produce substantial harm and are costly to society. A report by the US Congress from a group of college students had distinguished how little scientific assessments occur on traditional patrolling and imprisonment options. They do not usually show positive results in areas that it does happen to exist as well. Any behavior is considered unlawful if perpetrated by adults, for instance starting a fire or robbing a car is delinquency. It also consists of the actions like missing away from home and truancy, which is not always essential for adults. Status Offences
When defining status offenses it occurs when there are acts that are only committed by a juvenile. These acts include running away from home, underage consumption of alcohol, running away, defying parents, and buying tobacco merchandise. There are certain precincts where a criminal action caused by a person under a particular age is considered a status offence. Status offenses are simply a manifestation of this duty to protect and serve. Granted, there was disagreement regarding the accurate methods the system should be administering to status offenders. The regulations have remained conventional through the direction of numerous separate disciplines. There are some exceptions where the offense can be serious enough where the offender can be charged as an adult instead of a juvenile. Again it depends on your State laws. Variables of Crime Rates
Some variables associated with crime rates of juveniles consists of child mistreatment, heavy drinking and using drugs, dropping out of school, bullying, despair and distress. Additional factors stem from coming from a single or having no parental guidance in a household, truancy, and gang affiliation. Many of these factors revolve around trauma during birth, ineffective parental discipline, abuse and abandonment of children, conflicts within the household, behavior disorder and hyperactivity in kids, failing in school, education disabilities. Peer influences, inadequate job opportunities, scarce housing, and home in are with lots of crime all play a role in juvenile crime rates. About half of the United States’ juvenile arrests are due to a report of burglary, simple battering, drug misuse, uncontrollable behavior, and violations of curfew. Recommendations
Society needs to realize that juvenile crime affects neighbors, parents, teachers, and families. It causes an emotional impact on the targets of criminality, the culprits, and the witnesses. Despite the fact that crime rates may be diminishing, the crimes rates are however there is still a great deal occurring. There are several programs that are trying to reduce this rate. Prevention systems supportively influence the population since they prevent crime from occurring to begin with. There are prevention programs that happen to have a better outcome than others. One feature of an effective prevention system is their widespread nature. Programs that happen to be holistic avoid crime from occurring again because they allocate all characteristics of a juvenile’s life, and not focusing on one. Home visitation programs and Head Start have been programs that work well with preventing crime rates of juveniles. These holistic programs show amazing outcomes by aiming at a detailed risk factor or factors that could begin criminal behavior. A connection joining parents and juvenile individuals within a home is extremely imperative. If parental figures neglect to uphold the relationship together with his or her child, the child begins to develop feelings of anxiety of lack of safety.
In closing, this society, there are adolescences that happen to slip through the cracks and stay in the system of justice for criminals all through their existence even if some are bailed out by efficient guidelines during crucial developmental periods. The regulation for juvenile misconduct could be managed on criminals up until 21 years of age when the court considers that the offender is emerging. Some issues related with young crime has to do with living in an insecure family environment and family hostility, deprivation, drugs, negligent peer cliques, frequent contact with violence, media violent behavior, and easy exposure to firearms. This paper discussed the difference between juvenile and adult court, delinquency, status offences, variables of juvenile crime rates, and recommendations to prevent crimes committed by juveniles. References
New York State Unified Court System. (2013). NY City Family Court. Retrieved from http://www.nycourts.gov/courts/nyc/family/faqs_juvenile.shtml