The courtroom workgroup of juvenile court is very similarly composed as one of adult’s court (Neubauer and Fradella, 2014). Inside the juvenile court you can find the prosecutor, the defense attorney and the judge and sometimes judges have the hearing officers as aid (Neubauer and Fradella, 2014). We can see much equality between the courts however the tasks between the adult courts and the juvenile courts are handled differently.
As an example the juvenile court members such as the lawyers and judges use the expert advice of professional that are non-lawyers to help assess the family historical background as well as the youth that is being examined in the court (Neubauer and Fradella, 2014). Juvenile courts use professionals such as social workers, psychologist, and counselors since they mostly deal with young adolescents who require such specialist to help them assess their problems and advice on a proper treatment plan rather than simply dropping them to jail with other criminals who would most likely bring the worst of themselves.
Each of these individuals has a special and specific task inside the juvenile court all-important and relevant to make the case. According to Neubauer and Fradella (2014) we know the Judges are the highest authority in any court. Generally the judges of the juvenile court just like judges in any other court are the highest authority. They take care of solving all the matters that are left opened in the case by the prosecution and or the defense attorney. Moreover, judges in the juvenile court sometimes might have the aid of hearing officers, typically attorneys who are selected by the court to hear juvenile cases.
After hearing this cases they make recommendations to the judge about the case (Fradella and Neubauer, 2014). This individuals are placed there by the court with the purpose of aiding the judge arrive solutions and or certain recommendations in reference to the case. Furthermore, the prosecutor who’s job is to bring the charges against the defendant and prove that a crime was 2 JUVENILE COURT WORKGROUP committed in fact.
Then we have the prosecutors who are in charge of the negotiation activities of all types of crimes besides the ones that are more serious delinquent cases (Fradella and Neubauer, 2014). While on the other hand just like it was stipulated in In re Gault (1967) that all juveniles had the right to representation by defense counsel in delinquency proceedings (Neubauer and Fradella, 2014). While on the other hand, there is the defense attorney who serves as a secondary role in the court.
The job of the defense attorney is to try and get their client the best deal that the prosecution can offer, generally in a juvenile case would be seeking some sword of treatment for the individual rather than simply throwing him/her in jail. Generally most of this juvenile cases settle in different programs which leads to the use of probation officers, they are there to conduct background reports and supervise this individuals that get assigned to probation by the court.
The probation officers are there beside the juvenile they can make recommendations and aid the future development of these individuals. In conclusion, Juvenile court workgroup is very similar to the adult court workgroup, the only difference is that the juvenile court workgroup uses professionals specialized in other areas that are not necessarily law related because juveniles need such individuals to help them with their problems, rather than simply throwing them in jail with more serious criminals who would only bring about a worst person of themselves. 3 JUVENILE COURT WORKGROUP Reference: Neubauer, D. , & Fradella, H. (2014). In America’s courts and the criminal justice system (11th ed. , p. 617). North Scituate, Mass. : Wadsworth CENGAGE Learning.