The Justice System Position system is designed to make sure to punish those that have broken the law and make sure to protect society from the delinquent. Many offenders will go to court, receive a jail sentence, do the time sentenced to, and be released. Crime is mostly always followed by punishment. There are many important factors that must be considered and taken into effect. Punishment is a good factor to be set for a crime but the question is the prisoners really even learning from their mistakes? This is why I believe that rehabilitation programs are very important.
It is very essential that people learn from their mistakes. They need to take the correct path to ensure that they do not repeat the offense again or any other offenses. Rehabilitation programs will help to make sure this is possible. While you are involved in the rehabilitation programs, you can receive counseling, education, and work experience. These programs can help the offender to improve themselves as well as others. Punishment in my opinion should not be completely abolished. Punishment should still be a consequence for those who show no remorse for their actions and repeat offender.
The Juvenile justice system should mainly focus on rehabilitation programs. Juveniles will follow those who are supposed to be their leaders. Many of the juveniles are shown little attention at home and are having underlying problems that stem from their home environment. Juvenile offenders often act out to receive attention so they will feel like they are accepted. Punishment is necessary but putting them into a correction facility may not be good enough. Rehabilitation programs will make sure to give those juveniles the attention that they are striving for and that they are not receiving elsewhere.
Law enforcement agencies work really hard to ensure the safety of the communities that they are to protect. Gang violence is a big issue across the United States. Juvenile offenders are usually involved in gang activity. Law enforcement will play an active role to fight against gang violence. When a juvenile offender is sentenced to a rehabilitation program and they succeed, then that means there is another offender off the street. There is a new juvenile hall that focuses on rehabilitation rather than punishment in San Mateo County.
The old building was set up like a jail setting rather than a rehabilitation center. According to Sfgate. com (2010) the County Supervisor Jerry hill had said that you should believe in rehabilitation as much as you do punishment during a tour of the complex. The old facility was set up like a jail. It was made to punish the offender not to help rehabilitate. ”(San Mateo County/Juvenile hall now focus on rehab not punishment, Para. 5)I think the new facility will be great for the community. Rehabilitation programs for juvenile offenders can have an impact on the courts decisions as well.
If a juvenile offender shows remorse for their actions and willing to cooperate with the court, they the courts may just order the offender to go in a rehabilitation program instead of a correctional facility. According to the Pierce County, Washington, website (2009), depending on legal circumstances, the court has authority to make juveniles stay in the Juvenile Rehabilitation Administration program until the reach the age of 21. During the time of confinement, the juvenile will be placed in a group home or state institution.
The Juveniles placement will be determined by the Juvenile Rehabilitation Administration and not the court. When the juvenile is released from the group home/institution, parole services will then be provided for a specified amount of time. (Commitment, Para. 11) What this means is that there is less that will have to fall on court proceedings if rehabilitation is ordered, unless the delinquent would neglect to follow the orders. Another factor that has to be considered when a juvenile commits a crime is probation.
Probation is the most common form of punishment if it is a misdemeanor type of crime or if it is their first offense. Probation can provide for the child to be supervised. The juvenile may be less inclined to commit another crime is they just get probation. If the probation was violated in any way then harsher punishment may be given. According to the U. S. Department of Justice Website, Office or Juvenile Justice and Delinquency prevention(2010),in 2007, an estimated 5626000 delinquency cases had resulted in the offender given probation-34% above the number of cases places on probation in 1985.
Adjudicated delinquents had accounted for 58%(328,500) of all the delinquency cases that the juvenile was placed on probation in 2007. In the remaining delinquency cases, the youth had agreed to some type of informal or voluntary probation. (Juveniles on Probation, Para. 1) There are a lot of corrections facilities across the country that gives their effort in rehabilitation. Many of the facilities not only house the inmates but they will also allow them to participate in programs that will help them achieve their goals of success in education and work related fields.
According to the Arizona Department of Juvenile corrections (2004), Community Corrections is in charge for establishing and operating a system of community based programs to make sure to supervise and rehabilitate the youth in the least restrictive environment, and needs to be consistent with public safety, and meet the needs of the youth. The department makes sure to provide a system of case management that will contribute to the maintenance of public safety through comprehensive, juvenile centered services.
The services will provide a partnership with the juvenile, his/her family, case manager or parole officer, and their significant others. Case managers will require accountability that relates the juvenile’s actions to outcomes and will provide a linkage of juveniles to positive community structures. If the offender is under the age of 18 then following their release from the secure care then they will receive community based treatment and supervision through the department’s statewide community resource centers. The youth will spend an average of 7. months on parole. (All about community Corrections, Para. 4, 5) A juvenile offender will often be sentenced to community based rehabilitation programs. These community based programs are designed to help out the offenders who have a troubled past. Community based programs are ordered by the court to either prevent the individual from going to jail ,or an added program for when they are released from jail. They may receive the attention that they are striving as well as the proper focus to make sure to achieve their goals.
These programs are designed to help delinquents move forward with their life. Community based programs can help someone achieve their high school education, gain work related skills, or gain their social skills. There are different community based programs in the United States that focuses on juvenile rehabilitation. In San Jose, California the Santa Clara county Probation Office offers three different programs. They have a ranch adjustment program, a ranch orientation program and lastly community based aftercare.
According to the SCC. gov website, the Santa Clara County Probation department (2010),” The ranch adjustment program has services for youth who are court ordered into a juvenile rehabilitation facility following a failure or previous escape. The services include anger management training, victim awareness, substance abuse evaluation and treatment, gang intervention services, and risk assessments through a multi-disciplinary team approach. ”(Juvenile Rehabilitation Facilities, Para. 3)
The ranch orientation program is similar to that of the ranch adjustment program, but this program is designed for those that have been court ordered into the facility for their first time. Anger management and victim awareness comes as part of the program. According to the SCC. gov website, the Santa Clara Community Probation Department (2010), the community based aftercare collaborative program is made for youth who have already graduated from a juvenile rehabilitation facility, or they are from the juvenile hall commitment program and are transitioning back into the community.
The services that are provided are family reunification, substance abuse services, community support, educational services, and mental health services. (Juvenile Rehabilitation Facilities, Para. 5) These types of programs are an asset to any community. An intervention program is similar to that of a community based rehabilitation program. It is designed to help the youth that are troubled. A positive atmosphere, counseling, and positive reinforcement are part of the programs. There are also intervention programs that will help delinquents who have an alcohol or drug addiction.
The judge may order that the juvenile go through this program to receive the help they need. The purpose of a drug program is to wean them off certain substances but it also will help them to refocus their energy towards something that will be positive rather it is academics or sports. Some individuals may not agree with the rehabilitation side of the juvenile justice system. Some individuals believe that punishment is needed regardless of how sever or minor the case is. There have been increasing cases of juveniles that have committed violent crimes.
Gang violence, school shootings, and other drug related issues are an ongoing problem. According to Gale Opposing Viewpoints in context (2005), as discussed by researcher Eugene Methvin in the summer of 1997 issue of policy review, studies at the University of Southern California and by the criminologist Marvin Wolfgang in Philadephia,revealed it and certain punishment of those felons convicted in early stages of criminal activity is also a most effective means of suppressing crime. Swift and certain Punishment, Para. 1) Punishment is deeded for anyone that breaks the law but the methods that are methods of punishment is what needs to be considered. Certain individuals believe that jail is the best place for anyone who is an offender and commits a crime. The fact of the matter remains that not all individuals are in the right mental state of mind to comprehend what their punishment was.
More individuals will benefit from a rehabilitation based program rather than being locked up with nothing to do in their cell, Juveniles need the attention and care that the facilities offer. According to Socialist worker online (2010),” [offenders need to focus more on the treatment needed and the appropriate help. The definitely don’t need more pain, suffering and mistreatment due to cold hearted and retribution orientated prison services.
This would involve an intense care program to start with as well as longer term action to make sure that the offenders have enough social skills, place to live, education, and general economic stability in their lives. These types of programs would be more effective at engaging with young offender as well as being cheaper than a prison]” (rehabilitation better than Punishment, Par. 5) If the juvenile justice system would focus on rehabilitation rather than punishment then there would be a higher success rate among young offenders who are out committing crimes.
Awareness programs will help educate children when their parents don’t. The prison system would save a lot of money because they would have a lot less population of inmates. There would also be more education within the juvenile justice system. Children and adults make mistakes but you want them to learn from them so they are not repeated. Rehabilitation will allow this to happen with a much higher success rate. I believe these programs are the beginning of the future for juvenile justice.