John Rawls made a significant difference in the way society views justice. He wanted people to keep in mind that his persuading arguments on the principles of justice come from the original hypothetical positions. The liberties he claims rational self interested people would in- clude were things such as religion and the freedom of speech. He didn’t like the idea of utilitari- anism for the reason of it leaving the minorities “destitute” and without help”.
He also said that if we were to look at situations behind a “veil of ignorance”, that shields us from knowing our ad- vantages and disadvantages, then we would indefinitely choose equality. Social and economic inequalities are the second principle of justice, which, concerns so- cial and economic equality. This only recognizes the theory of good and right in the difference between the principles and utilitarianism because it does not require an equal distribution of welth. The framework for morality, law, and politics is utilitarianism.
Pleasure and preferences of satisfaction also gives reference to whatever yields the greatest utility and the greatest values with a list of objectives. It allows a choice of actions on the basis of consequences, and a view of consequences in means of the well being of others. The theory of rights yields the moral sensitiv- ity to others and the greatest net utility. It also deals with negativity. The negatives require a per- son to promote the least amount whereas utilitarianism deals with the greatest number of goods for the greatest number.
Evil and harm is the least amount. The suggestion from the principle of utilitarianism is that the main aim of the negative utilitarianism was to give rise to the least painful method of killing the entity of humanity. Concepts such as reputation rather than pure he- donism may be part of preference satisfaction. The structure and function of criminal justice agencies rest in the three branches of gov- ernment. Three agency components consist of law enforcement agencies, the court system, and the correctional system.
Law enforcement agencies investigate crimes and apprehend suspects. The court system consists of indictments and trials. The main design of the correctional system is to incapacitate offenders that did receive a guilty charge and attempt to aid them in rehabilitation. Justice is always the first virtue according to Rawls. Justice should be the first item that the criminal justice system tries to assess to society because justice is a good merit. People should receive equal and fair treatment because of justice.
People will always question justice in the United States because it may not always be fair in the eyes of a victim and society or in the eyes of people who receive wrongful convictions. Analyzing crime as it happens by using the best and greatest principles to resolve cases is the best way to sum up the theory of justice. The theory of justice sets a systematic and analytical process to provide timely and pertinent informa- tion that relates to trends and crime patterns. An offender can discover justice to be beneficial because he or she can receive treatment services and rehabilitation.