The legal judicial system manifests of much importance for the modern society as most of the political, economic and social aspects are implemented and resolved through this system. Because of this significance, the parties involved in the development of the judicial system namely the political sector implements different approaches to improve the general system. Among these approaches are the continuous ratification and amendments of the laws and legal decree in the society for the sake of their clarification of the ethical nature and legal domain.
This is to ensure the neutrality and harmony of the legal organization as one of the primary aspect of the modern society. The organization of the present judicial system, particularly in those large scale societies, is organized through both the system of the state court and federal court. This divided approach is implemented to classify the legal cases that must be handled whether they involved only a local society or the case has the jurisdiction over a larger society. In addition, the division of the judiciary organization classifies the legal power and approach that must and will be implemented in the disputed case.
In the general legal perspective, both the state court and federal court system manifest to be highly significant in the establishment and implementation of the legal justice in the society. In most large and highly developed societies, both the state court and federal court systems are implemented to organized better the legal needs and disputes of the people they have jurisdiction over. The government of these societies organized the legal aspects using both court systems bringing forth the classification of the cases they must resolved with.
For example, the society of the United States of America employ both of the said court system wherein they manifest the federal court system and the state court system. The federal court system of the United States acts as a legislative branch of their government wherein they implement the laws and constitution of their legal system. The federal court system is further subclassified according to different nature and grounds for organization purposes. For the grounds of jurisdiction courts, the federal court system has the local district courts and the court of appeals.
According to specific subject-matter jurisdiction, the federal court system is divided into specific matters such as bankruptcy courts, tax courts, court of private land claims, court of international trade and others. These means are implemented for the system to implement better legal service through having a specific branch focus on a single matter to reduce the fallibility of their cases. On other hand, the state court is the judicial system that has jurisdiction over areas and societies classified based on the state classification.
Thus, it can be said that the power vested over a specific state court is only limited to this particular state making inferior to the federal court system that has general jurisdiction. Similar, the state court system has a classification based on hierarchy of power. This nature is implemented to organize the issue of appeals over the legal system wherein if one litigant is not satisfied with the decision of the local state court, then he or she have the option to appeal the decision in sate court of appeals.
The highest of the state court system is the state supreme court, which acts as the final reviewer of the decision of legal disputes. The relationship between the federal court and state court systems is often complicated particularly over cases wherein their respective jurisdiction overlaps. In these cases, the jurisdiction power and legal authority of the state and federal court system often contradict each other causing discrepancy over the implementation and view of the constitution and laws.
This is mainly because state court often established their own specific laws applicable only to their jurisdiction according to the nature and views of their society. This perspective manifested in the state court law often contradicts that of the federal court system and the laws implemented with their general jurisdiction. In addition, the factor of inferior jurisdiction often hinders the unity between these two legal systems but this can be easily resolved through having an equal administrative perspective between the two courts.
With the resolution of the intermediary approach between the two court systems, the implementation of both the federal and state court system will significantly promote the legal aspect of the society promoting equality and justice among the people.
Blanc, D. Ellsworth (2002). Court System of the United States: A Bibliography. Nova Science Publishers. ISBN-10: 1590335333. Fletcher, William A. (1997). Federal Courts. Gilbert Law Summaries. 3rd Edition. ISBN-10: 015900232X.