This appraisal of Japanese politics is very important here because as Boden (2002) states; The nature of State authority in Japan is a well-versed topic of contemporary Japanese society by scholars both within and outside Japan. However, what has not been studied to such a degree is the public consensus of this system and ways in which they can be seen as combating or accepting current model of development.
By legitimizing Japanese animation as a form of popular culture appropriate for investigating public sentiment of the political situation in Japan, it is hoped that a degree of resistance or acceptance of the Japanese State can be ascertained. While unconventional, it offers an interesting angle from which one can examine the dynamism of Japanese society today. Japanese politics appear to be stuck. Deregulation proceeds slowly, and bad loans continue to clot the country’s economic arteries.
The government seems unable to set priorities, work toward goals, or implement meaningful policies. Though many commentators point to watershed developments in the 1990s—the end of stable, one-party majority-ties and the fatal crippling of the factional sys-tem, for example—these shifts involved destruction but not creation. Where can we look for positive change in Japan? If the political system that served Japan well through decades of growth is no longer appropriate, where will the dynamism come from?
Japanese leadership was not always an oxymoron. ” Japan has a rich tradition of strong leaders such as postwar Prime Minister Shigeru Yoshida. Lately, the” muscle” of leadership has atrophied, but a future inspirational leader will likely draw on symbols of the past—“what the people already know and love. ”Verena Blechinger-Talcott also focuses on leader-ship and generational change. According to her, the up and coming generation of leaders is trained and Prepared in new ways, through policy-oriented and overseas education.
The generation in their 30s and 40s is ready, even more than Koizumi, to meet the demands of a changed electoral environment in which urban districts are increasingly important. While Pekkanen stresses continuity and the persistence of koenkai, Blechinger-Talcott maintains that, at least in urban districts, to establish a stable, efficient personal support group is almost impossible. New leadership styles have emerged. While old-style leaders excelled in backroom networking and mediating, young politicians can speak well on television, consult across party lines, and discuss grassroots issues knowledgeably.
According to Blechinger-Talcott, second- and third-generation politicians are not “chips off the old block” so much as educated and well-prepared professionals; her interviews with them reveal dissatisfaction with old-style pork politics. Besides political heirs, graduates of political training academies such as the Matsushita Institute of Government and Management are also poised to enter and change the system. Japan’s political system was a rational development and adaptation to the postwar political environment.
It was born amid strong pacifist sentiment. By the time Japan was defeated in 1945, people had suffered and sacrificed tremendously. Hate of war was natural, and pacifism was blessed by the 1946 constitution. Article 9 of the constitution written by Americans in February 1946 before the Cold War was serious in Asia—aimed to prevent a military resurgence in a Japan still considered dangerous. The Reason Behind the use of Animation in Japanese Society:
The simplest explanation for this reversal of fortune between animation and live-action is that the former has ridden to success on the coattails of its older cousin, Japanese comics, or manga, a medium that emerged as a main focus of Japanese popular culture after World War II, and has grown particularly pervasive since the 1970s. It is true that many successful anime were based on popular manga and anime have been heavily influenced by manga's pictorial conventions.
Another important factor is cost. Hollywood has made successful live-action films based on such popular comics as Superman and Batman, but the need for expensive sets and special effects to create the necessary visual realism has resulted in extremely high production costs. Japan's film industry, with its much smaller market, cannot afford such high-budget pictures To put it another way, animation offers a means of producing slick, stylish films without spending much money.