Introduction to criminal justice or discipline

These conditions may affect certain activities or relationships that the offender may engage in (Business Dictionary). This may be granted to a person who no longer falls under the strict definition of a dangerous sexual offender, or to move the person to a more free environment for the good of the person (Washington State Legislature). Also, the court, who would ulitimately be the one to grant the move of the offender, must be convinced that in the show cause hearing of the offender, that he/she poses no direct or clear threat to the community (Washington).

If the offender, however, though eligible for parole, but displays some problems connected to attitude or discipline, may just serve out the full length of the sentence, and be released upon the expiration of that sentence (Minnesota Department of Corrections). Also, if the offender has been granted early release but has violated some of the conditions for his release, the offender will be sent back to prison, and his parole or probation revoked (Minnesota).

Prison officials must also see to it that the reintegration process that the released prisoner’s might have to undergo be as smooth as possible. Many believe that the courts exercise the option of sending someone to jail as a last resort, and only for the good of the public (Robert James Bidinotto, 1989). The goal of these individuals to take prisoners, denied many of the aspects of life in the outside world, to be placed in an environment close to the one outside prison walls while still paying their debt to society (Bidinotto, 1989).

This initiative seeks to reverse the damage of the “prisonization” hypothesis, that the offenders have been thrust into another social structure altogether, and eventually will have to reintegrate back to the society that they left (Bidinotto, 1989). Work release programs allow the offender to be released to serve at least half of their sentences (Minnesota). This policy usually lasts up to eight months (Minnesota). Offenders granted this option are settled in halfway houses or local jail facilities, requiring them to get jobs or to be full-time students (Minnesota).

After the work release has been completed, the offender is then put under supervised release (Minnesota). Work furloughs is returning the offender to the community on a temporary basis (Bidinotto, 1989). These are rare cases that inmates are allowed to leave the inside of the prison,under armed guard,  and only under extreme cases, such as occasions to attend the funerals or to seek medical assistance (Minnesota). Half way houses are facilities where offenders can reform their lives while still paying their shortcomings to society (Avalon Correctional Services, Inc. , 2007).

Uisually these facilities are for the treatment of substance abuse offenders or those requiring counselling and other services (Avalon, 2007). This mode seems to be the best mode for reintegration, since it will provide more or less the environment that inmates need to cope with reentering society as they are released.

References

(PDF file supplied by client) Lesson 13. Prison and its aftermath: in and out of the big house. Crminology 100. Introduction to criminal justice. American Probation and Parole Association. (2002). Discretionary parole. Retrieved July 24,     2008, from http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/conditional-release.html