Introduction to International Studies

* Behaviourism: A methodological approach to social science that emphasizes data collection and the scientific method. * colonialism: The political, economic, and cultural domination of African, American, Asian and Middle Eastern societies by European powers. * Conservative Nationalism: Leaders who seek to preserve their power and the socioeconomic order use pride in nation and fear of an enemy nation as a means to unify the masses and prevent domestic unrest.. * Culture: A learned system of meanings by which people orient themselves in the world so that they can act in it.

Culture replies on a universal human capacity to differentiate and to categorize experience. * De-Colonization: the end of control by imperialist powers , which leads to the autonomy of the countries they formally controlled. * Democracy: A form of government rule in which leaders are chosen by some form of electoral process and that respects the rule of law. * Disciplinary: approaches connected to the traditional academic disciplines of history, political science, economics, geography and anthropology. Empirical: Anthropological perspective that seeks to learn about human communities by direct observation and careful recording of information while living in and around those communities * idealism/liberalism:

Theory that explains political behaviour as a function of moral human decisions, institutional structures, and collective interest. * Ideology: the mobilization of cultural symbols to create, sustain, or resist unequal distribution of rights, responsibilities, and control of resources in a society. * imperialism: political, economic and cultural domination of a country of area by another country. Liberalism: The crucial tenets of liberalism include the following: (1) Humans have a capacity for good. (2) selfish and violent behaviours come not from human nature but from institutions that promote such behaviour. (3) The primary public institution leading to war is the state because it promotes nationalism and selfishness over global welfare. (4) Multilateral action and institutions are needed to combat war. * Marxism: in the mid 19th century, Karl Marx theorized that historical development was not a clash of ideas, that George Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel posited, but a struggle between classes based on their material possessions.

Marx advocated violent overthrow by the working class. * Nationalism: A constructed bond between peoples of similar language, religion, history, and culture. Nationalism breeds a sense of being different from another national group, and often feelings of superiority and chauvinism. * Nation-state: A western idea that nations should have the right to self-determination. * Realism: theory that explain political behaviour as a function of rational actions by self-interested states in a global system of anarchy.