Mnemonics are memory aids and they jog the memory to obtain information that is generally difficult to access. They find this information by representing certain data such as; names, dates and some facts with rhymes, phrases, acronyms and other systematic ways with the aim of retrieving these data from the memory when needed later. Mnemonics is a memory aid that links old information to new ones. It relates old, known and existing information to new ones, with the aim of recovering the new information when needed later (Scruggs & Mastropieri 1990).
There are various methods that mnemonics are used to jog the memory to find inaccessible information. Some of these methods include representing complex information with pleasant images, using easily identifiable symbols to represent this complex information, the application of the five senses to code complex information and representing this inaccessible information with flamboyant images in the memory. The Mnemonics used must refer to the information that is being remembered. The various methods of mnemonics applications are: Keyword, Letter and Pegword Strategies (Liddell & Scott, 1889).
Reconstruction technique is the method applied in trying to store some information in the memory; it is a memory aid so to say. Reconstruction technique is the method of trying to recollect some events that happened in the past through the pictorial representation of these events, other reliable records such as letters, artifact and the reminiscence of people that were involved during the course of events that is to remembered. In the reconstructive technique, one looks at the events to be remembered and try to visualize the events and recreate it to make it stick in their memory.
Scripting is the act of preparing several lines that need to be memorized in several forms, with the aim of storing these data or information in the brain. The scripts are then either read or listened to depending on the forms in which it was stored, till the scripts stick to the memory and becomes a part of the writer of the script. Reference Liddell, H. G. , & Scott R. (1889). Intermediate Greek-English Lexicon. Oxford: Oxford University Press Scruggs T. E. , & Mastropieri M. A. (1990). Mnemonic Instruction for Students with Learning Disabilities: What It Is and What It Does. Learning Disability Quarterly, 13 (4), 271- 280.