Amnesty law exempts war or military leaders from facing charges for crimes they may have engaged themselves in. The humanitarian law basically protects the rights of the innocent people who have suffered because of actions that were undertaken under the mandate or watch of certain leaders. The humanitarian law thus focuses on ensuring that anyone who initiates or supports unlawful activities should be penalized according to the law as they are a threat to society. There have been incidents where the leaders of the rival groups have been denied amnesty and this has resulted in the increase in tensions and more loss of lives.
If people are forced to accept a certain situation when there leader is not present therefore, they will not adhere to the provisions in the agreement. When a person is given amnesty under the sovereignty principle, organizations like the UN and ICC ought to respect the provisions because they have helped many countries end conflicts as the people will respect the agreement as well as the other side because they know that they too will benefit in other ways when the person they support is around.
The sovereignty principle therefore seeks to enhance understanding thus ensuring the states function as they ought to.
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