Terrorism is indeed a global phenomenon that is currently affecting the lives of many people in different countries. Apart from the global financial crisis that is being felt in most of the industrial and third-world-countries in the world, the problem of international terrorsim is also regarded as a global issue that still remains as a threat to all humankind as well as in the progress of the worldwide campaign for peace and order.
In this regard, through the published books of Clarence Augustus Martin “Understanding Terrorism: Challenges, Perspectives, and Issues, Third Edition” and Charles W. Kegley’s “The New Global Terrorism: Characteristics, Causes, Controls,” this essay would primarily concentrate on studying the topic of international terrorsim. Utilizing mostly the own ideas and personal standpoint of both authors, this paper would make an argument about the roots and motivation of global Muslim Rage.
Jihad and the Roots of Muslim Rage
As per the infromation and data presented in the chapter six of Augustus Martin’s “Understanding Terrorism: Challenges, Perspectives, and Issues, Third Edition,” it is said that the devoted and unified beliefs held by the Muslim people are among the main catalysts in the recent uprise of the international Muslim rage or more commonly known as terrorism. Through his words and personal standpoint, it is evident that the author, Augusts Martin, renders a huge credit to the utmost devotion of Muslim people towards practicing their faith and the teachings of Koran.
The author argues that the adherence towards the teachings of their religion serves as the main motivation of Muslim people in joining the extreme and often violent terrorist activities. Though Augustus Martin is clear that not all the Muslims supports Jihad and that most of the Muslim fundamentalists should not be regarded as terrorist, but rather as victims of the violent conflicts, he still argues that Jihad is still a possible indicator in the recent surge of terrorism because of the eternal promises that are associated with Jihad.
The Koran teaches that “those who enages in armed Jihad are known as mujahideen, or holy warriors” with the belief that a Mujahideen who dies in the war and receives the holy Martyrdom would go directly to the paradise where there are “rivers of milk and honey, and beautiful young women” (Martin, 2009, p.176).
Contrary to the standpoint of Augustus Martin who regards Jihad as a key aspect in the motivation and growth of international terrorism, the extensive influence of unconventional Muslim extremist leaders also holds a significant contribution in inspiring the growth of Muslim extremist groups or terrorists. For instance, the broad influence of Osama Bin Laden, as an unconventional Muslim extremist leader, has manipulated the minds of many Muslim devotees to work under him in the name of Jihad and caused the World Trade Center in NewYork to fall. In this regard, it is evident that Jihad and the intense religious faith of Muslims may not be the primary source of international terrorism but is rather the manipulative influences of moderm Muslim extermist leaders and their desire to spread chaos in the world, which primarily exploits and abuses the sacred meaning of holy war or Jihad.
Charles W. Kegley and Bernard Lewis, on the other hand, believes that the ancient stance and goal of Muslim religion in gaining a broad dominance in the international scene is one of the main factors that best describes the roots of Muslim Rage. As per the writings and standpoint of Bernard Lewis about the roots of Muslim rage, it is the rejuvinated desire of the Muslim religion to once again claim their reputation and supremacy in the religious sect and in the global community that serves as the most signifcant factors from which the recent growths in international Muslim rage is rooted.
As long been overpowered and influenced by most of the western civilization, the goal of most unconventional Muslim people in liberating the Muslim world is considered to be the fundamental gorunds where the recent global Muslim Rage has originated. More so, both Bernard Lewis and Charles Kegley believe that the developing and increasing angst and condemnation of Muslim people against the domination of the Western pop culture, which is that of the Euopean and American influences, also portray a significant part in the roots of Muslims rage.
As opposed to the views and beliefs of Lewis and Kegley, the vast financial growth in most of the Muslim countries could be associated with the roots of modern Muslim rage. With the resouces and support from various lucrative Muslim countries, the group of Muslim extremists, under the leadership of most radical Muslim leaders, is given that brilliant opportunity to organize and spread a world wide massive terrorist attacks, which could be considered as another factor for the onset of terrorism.
In the end, the recent military agression of western countries against the major Muslim countries in the Middle East is considered as among the roots of Muslim rage, wherein most of the terrorist attacks and violent activities of these Muslim radical groups in different countries are considerable as an armed retaliation against the wars that the western civilization has perpetrated in the past.
Kegley, C. (2002). The New Global Terrorism: Characteristics, Causes, Controls. NewJersey: Prentice Hall.
Martin, G. (2009). Understanding Terrorism: Challenges, Perspectives and Issues, third edition. Thousand Oaks CA: Sage Publications.