Describe the major changes that have occurred in global communication systems and assess how theses have helped to integrate the world economically and socially. In today's world, global communication systems are playing a major role in helping to integrate the world economically and socially. This has led to the terms globalization which refers to the interconnected state of the world in which goods, services and information are distributed around the world with no borders.
Global communications have been improving at an alarming rate. There are now 300 commercial geostationary satellites released each year which can each handle tens of thousand phone calls simultaneously and broadcast several television stations. This had facilitated the growth of internet which by 1993 had 1.3 million users, 1997 – 20 million users and by 2001 over 300 million users around the world. The combination of mass media such as television, radio, internet and movies are controlled by the Western nations.
Transport systems also have improved significantly, as the time taken to travel and the costs of traveling is reduced due to increasing efficiency of the network and method of traveling. This can be shown by the time-space convergence rate. In 1902 it took 3 days or (4320mintues) to travel from Sydney to Brisbane but in 2002 it took just 85 minutes by jet airliner. Therefore time space convergence rate is 42/mintues per year. This refers to the reduced traveling time per year over distance between two places. This has also led to an increased in global tourism, the number of international tourist arrivals, only 25 million in 150 but 455 million in 2000.
Another example is that many banking businesses such as HSBC that have decided to locate their call centers in LEDC's countries overseas such as in India and China away from North-West England region, where the call centers are mainly based. Out of 5000 call center employees, more than 4000 jobs have been transferred to call centers employees in Asia. The main advantage of this is that Asian call center agents are more motivated, better educated and harder working than the British. As well as this their wages are 80% lower than the British's.
This have led to the integration of the world's economy and socially. Firstly, jobs created in LEDC's help to stimulate the local economy and improve the living standard. However, this also created an impact on the Indian society by creating a high demand for Western language, lifestyle and culture. Also, workers in India have to take American holidays but have to work on their own religious holidays to cater the needs of the countries served. This can create conflicts with the Indian's religious cultures and beliefs.
The developments of the global communications systems have integrate the world economically and socially as well as creating many advantages and disadvantages. Firstly, the increased in global tourism have led to improvements of LEDC's economies and create a positive multiplier effect such as employment and improved infrastructure. The integration of the world of globalization also has led to an increased in investment of multinationals in LEDC's such as Nike and McDonald's. Foreign inward investment had helped countries like South Korea and Taiwan become modernized at a much faster rate. In Mexico Coke and Pepsi invested nearly $4.5 Billion and created 55,000 jobs. However, it also causes deindustrialisation and increased unemployment rate in MEDC's.
Global communication systems have also created change in the fashion industry. For instance, there was a shift in the production location from Leicester, capital of textiles in the UK to Bangladesh. The effective of global communication have made this possible and allow businesses to obtain cheapest materials from overseas suppliers and cut costs by using cheap labour by manufacturing in Bangladesh and export products all over the world.
This has affected Bangladesh economically and socially. Economically, inward investment from multinationals have led to increased in secondary industry and caused a shift in employment structure. This provided jobs for 90% of women as well as increasing their social status and transformed their role in society. There has also been a decreased in birth rate as emancipation of women also increases, thus creating a large impact on their culture. However, it can be argued that multinationals are exploiting the workforce by paying them low wages for long hours of work in poor working conditions known as sweat shops.