Industrial Sectors

In the UK there are many different types of business and they all do different things, some extract raw materials from the earth, some manufacture the raw materials into different products and others sell the final product or supply a service to the public. All these different businesses are put in to different sectors, and these sectors are called the primary sector, the secondary sector, and the tertiary sector. As time goes on technology changes and so do the sectors.

Primary Sector

In the primary sector the materials needed to make the final products are extracted from the earth, if you are going to make a table you will first need wood for the surface and iron from the ground for the leg's. This is what the business in the primary sector does; they collect natural materials and turn them into raw materials ready to be made into a final product. A few years age the British steel business was going very well and was making great profits, but now its not doing vary well and there are hardly any more steel in Britain. This is because manufacturers can get raw material cheaper abroad and sometimes it's better quality. Over the entire primary sector in Britain is not doing as well as it did in previous years.

Secondary Sector

In the secondary sector the raw materials are made in to a product, the wood is shaped in to a table and sanded and polished and the iron is shaped in to the legs and attached to the table ready to be sold. Building and constructing is also part of the secondary sector! This is because they also manufacture raw materials into an item that people will use. So businesses in the secondary sector manufacture raw materials into good that can be sold to customers or used by anybody. The west midlands use to be famous for its spring making which went on to become car valves. But then there was the industrial revolution in Japan and they started making cars that were more efficient and lasted longer. This sector hasn't really changed much but there has been a decline. 

Tertiary Sector

In the tertiary sector the final products are sold to customers, the tables have finally been made and are sold to furniture which sells them to the public. Shops like hairdressers and bookies are also in the tertiary sector because they supply a service to people. So businesses in the tertiary sector are business that sell products to customers or other businesses and are also businesses that sell services to people. Government services e.g. schools and hospitals also come under the tertiary sector. This sector has grown a lot over the years, even though thing are mainly produced abroad, importing services like international motors have thrived. 

Asda is in tertiary sector, because Asda sells goods to the consumers. Supermarkets are in tertiary sector, because they sell their products to the customers and they are providing consumers different kinds of services. Asda is not just selling food to their customers but they also provide them with other kinds of services such as banking, insurance, delivery of food to the customer's house etc.

Ashley Cash and Carry belongs into the tertiary sector, because the business is selling different kind of product such as vegetables, fruit, dry products (biscuits, cakes etc), cosmetics, meat, top up cards etc. Retailing, distribution, hotels and catering This part of the tertiary sector includes shops, ervices, pubs, fast food outlets and many others.

As Ashley Cash and Carry is involved in providing food and other services it lies in the Retailing section of the Tertiary sector. It might also fall partly in the secondary sector as it uses raw materials or vegetables and other things from primary sector to make food and serve them to their customers.

On the other hand ASDA belongs in the tertiary sector because it provides service to the customers by selling their products. From the four sections split up in the tertiary sector, Asda belongs to the public service as well as the retailing and distribution, hotels and catering. The graph shows, the percentage of employees for primary, secondary and tertiary sector in U.K In the above graph you can see the share of employment in each sector from 1970 till 2000.

We see that in the 1970's there was a small percentage of people working in the primary sector and as the years passed it has decreased from 10% to 3%. Another reason for why there is decreasing amount of people employed in the primary sector is because there is better technology coming out each year for example there is machinery that does the work that was manually done. Machines that dig under to get the potatoes and all other kind of vegetables. Therefore you would not need a vast majority of people working in the primary sector. 

If we look at the secondary sector in the graph we can see that there has been a decline of secondary sectors over the past years. Secondary sectors are employees who actually make the product. Whereas in the 1990's there were less people who were employed to get a manufacturing job as the businesses did not need people to do the manufacturing jobs.