Industrial revolution Review 2

The industrial has changed the world that we live in to date. You can look at the industrial revolution in numerous ways and from very different point of views. Today I think that the industrial revolution was a sudden change in the life style and to much of growth, that is really getting to hard to handle, for the present its look very good because people like me would have job and capitalism, what everyone wants but The mixture of cultures and races has caused major conflict and the base of capitalism has caused the rich to get richer and the poor to get poorer.

This is going to cause many problems in the future for the economy and is going to run it into the ground, this tells me the future is not looking so good. Now to give you an overview of the industrial revolution, I’m going to talk about the major topics that are taking place now: From Country to Town

As the number of factories grew people from the countryside began to move into the towns looking for better-paid work and to change their life around for the better. The wages of a farm worker were very low and there were less jobs working on farms because of the invention and factories. Also thousands of new workers were needed to work machines in mills and foundries and the factory owners built houses for them.

Cities filled to overflowing and London was particularly bad. At the start of the 19th Century about 1/5 of Britain’s population lived there. London, like most cities, was not prepared for this great increase in people. People crowded into already crowded houses. Rooms were rented to whole families or perhaps several families.

HousingThe worker’s houses were usually near to the factories so that people could walk to work. They were built really quickly and cheaply. There was no running water or toilet. A whole street would have to share an outdoor pump and a couple of outside toilets. With no windows at the front, no backyards and a sewer down the middle of the street. The houses were built very close together, with very narrow streets between them. Most of the houses were crowded with five or more people possibly crammed into a single room. Most of the new towns were dirty and unhealthy. Housing conditions like these were perfect breeding grounds for diseases. Pollution

Chimneys, bridges and factory smoke blocked out most of the light in the towns. A layer of dirty smoke often covered the streets like a blanket. This came from the factories that used steam to power their machines. The steam was made by burning coal to heat water. Burning coal produces a lot of dirty, black smoke. That turned out to be very harmful and cause it very hard to survive with catching a disease. Child Labor

Many factory workers were children. They worked long hours and were often treated badly by the supervisors or overseers. Sometimes the children started work as young as four or five years old. A young child could not earn much, but even a few pence would be enough to buy food and to help a family, with no time to play or even study most of the time was spent in the factories working for a better life, just to cut time in the present. Street Children

children roamed the streets with no regular money and no home to got to. The children of the streets were often orphans with no one to care for them. They stole or picked pockets to buy food and slept in outhouses or doorways. Some street children did jobs to earn money. They could work as crossing-sweepers, sweeping a way through the mud and horse dung of the main paths to make way for ladies and gentlemen. Others sold lace, flowers, matches or muffins etc. out in the streets.

Country ChildrenPoor families who lived in the countryside were also forced to send their children out to work. Seven and eight year olds could work as bird scares, out in the fields from four in the morning until seven at night. Older ones worked in gangs as casual laborers. Mills

While thousands of children worked down the mine, thousands of others worked in the cotton mills. The mill owners often took in orphans to their workhouses, they lived at the mill and were worked as hard as possible. They spent most of their working hours at the machines with little time for fresh air or exercise. Even part of Sunday was spent cleaning machines. There were some serious accidents, some children were scalped when their hair was caught in the machine, hands were crushed and some children were killed when they went to sleep and fell into the machine.

ImprovementsGradually, improvements for the poor were made. In 1848, Parliament passed laws that allowed city councils to clean up the streets. One of the first cities to become a healthier place was Birmingham. Proper sewers and drains were built. Landowners had to build houses to a set standard. Streets were paved and lighting was put up.

Over time slums were knocked down and new houses built. However, these changes did not take place overnight. When slums were knocked down in 1875 the poor people had little choice but to move to another slum, making that one worse. Few could afford new housing, and it also too time for the government to decide that working children ought to be protected by laws as many people did not see anything wrong with the idea of children earning their keep.

They also believed that people should be left alone to help themselves and not expect others to protect or keep them. They felt children had a right to send their children out to work. People such as Lord Shaftesbury and Sir Robert Peel worked hard to persuade the public that it was wrong for children to suffer health problems and to miss out on schooling due to work.

DID CHILD LABOR REALLYHAVE BE LIKE THIS ????…Because of high demand in factories Families quickly migrated from the rural farm areas to the newly industrialized cities to find work. Once they got there, things did not look as bright as they did. To survive in even the lowest level of poverty, families had to have every able member of the family go to work. This led to the high rise in child labor in factories. Children were not treated well, overworked, and underpaid for a long time before anyone tried to change things for them. Children as young as six years old work hard hours for little or no pay.

Children sometimes work up to 19 hours a day, with a one-hour total break. This was a little bit on the extreme, but it was not common for children who worked in factories to work 12-14 hours with the same minimal breaks. Not only were these children subject to long hours, but also, they were in horrible conditions. Large, heavy, and dangerous equipment was very common for children to be using or working near. Many accidents occurred injuring or killing children on the job.

Children were paid only a fraction of what an adult would get, and sometimes factory owners would get away with paying them nothing. Orphans were the ones subject to this slave-like labor. The factory owners justified their absence of payroll by saying that they gave the orphans food, shelter, and clothing, all of which were far below par. The children who get paid will get paid very little. The treatment of children in factories was often cruel and unusual, and the children’s safety was generally neglected. The youngest children, who were not old enough to work the machines, were commonly sent to be assistants to textile workers.

The people who the children served would beat them, verbally abuse them, and take no consideration for their safety. Both boys and girls who worked in factories were subject to beatings and other harsh forms of pain infliction. One common punishment for being late or not working up to quota would be to be “weighted.” An overseer would tie a heavy weight to worker’s neck, and have them walk up and down the factory aisles so the other children could see them and “take example.”

This could last up to an hour. Could lead to serious injuries in the back and/or neck. Punishments such as this would often be dispensed under stringent rules. Boys were sometimes dragged naked from their beds and sent to the factories only holding their clothes, to be put on there. This was to make sure the boys would not be late, even by a few minutes. Article 2

After centuries of chronic unemployment, millions of small children across the United Kingdom saw their lives drastically improve when the Industrial Revolution at long last provided them with steady factory work regardless of age, size, or experience. “Before the turn of the 19th century, frail boys and girls had no choice but to sit at home all day, playing with their younger siblings, just watching as another empty, unproductive week passed them by,” noted British scholar William Donnelley said.

“Once the Industrial Revolution began, however, any child able to fit inside a narrow mining shaft, or reach deep within a malfunctioning textile press, could venture out into the world and find himself a job.” Added Donnelley, “It was a time of unprecedented opportunity for the nation’s 5- to 9-year-olds.” According to records, the introduction of machine-based manufacturing provided a desperately needed solution to England’s toddler-unemployment epidemic.

Out-of-work children, many of whom had struggled since birth to earn any kind of wage at all, were now afforded the chance to work seven days a week, up to 19 hours a day, in such competitive industries as iron-smelting and steel-tempering. Not only was finding employment easier than ever for countless preadolescents, but the generous overtime available to them allowed boys and girls to catch up on years of experience they had lost while learning how to walk, nurse, or, in some unfortunate cases, attend several months of school.

“As a child of the time, it must have felt wonderful to be able to go to bed at night, confident in the knowledge that a job as a coal-boy, furnace operator, or even bore-grinder machinist awaited you the next morning,” historian Russell Black said. “The sense of satisfaction and well-being all those orphans must have experienced week in and week out—it’s hard to imagine.” “After all, there’s nothing like a full-time job to help someone get back on his feet,” Black continued. “Especially if he’s lost one of them in a horrifying threshing accident.”