An Industrial Revolution is the shift at different times from a traditionally agricultural based economy to one based on the mechanized production of manufactured goods on a large scale(Bookshelf 1994). By definition, industrialization leads to a rise of national income per capita as well as changes in the distribution of income, living and working conditions. The Industrial Revolution was the transformation of the production of handmade good to ones made by machines.
The first attempt at American Industrialization was by Eli Whitney. He introduced and developed the idea of interchangeable parts rather than custom parts. This allowed some broken products such as guns, to be fixed at a lower cost. Whitney also invented the cotton gin in 1798. Sir Richard Arkwright used Whitney's cotton gin in developing new methods of weaving cloths. As a result, textiles, particularly cotton goods were the major factory made products during the early 19th century.
James Watts' steam engine was one of the biggest technological breakthroughs in the early stages of the Industrial Revolution. It enabled many factory owners to operate without being close to a constant water supply. The steam engine also lead to the development of the steam locomotive and steam powered ships.
The Industrial Revolution sparked the start of the changes that would enhance our world and help build a brighter and better tomorrow. At the time, the thought of having a machine make products for you was a novelty. People looked at these machines with awe and admiration. People continued to improve upon the machinery. A great example of someone who was a pioneer of industry in the early 20th century was Henry Ford. He came up with the idea of the assembly line.
It totally revolutionized the manufacturing business because one person created one part of a product instead of creating the whole product by himself. The assembly line allowed for more products to be made faster and at a lower cost.
During the period of the 1960's the race for space was the next tremendous leap for technology. The creation of NASA(National Aeronautics and Space Administration) was responsible for creating technology that could be used for many different purposes. NASA created many inventions that we take forgranted today like the microwave, electric screwdrivers, and computer chips were created.
Some people consider NASA's use of the computer chip to be its most outstanding accomplishment. The modern world of technology would not have come about without the development of the computer. Computers have opened up new areas of automation. Automation is a system of manufacturing designed to extend the capacity of machines to perform certain tasks formerly done by humans (Bookshelf 1994). Automation allows for various operations to be performed much faster and better than what could be accomplished by humans.
Most industries are now highly automated or use automation technology in some part of their operations. In the telecommunications industry, dialing, transmissions and billing are all done automatically. Automation has greatly increased production and lowered costs which allows these goods to be more available to the consumer. Manufacturing is all around us. The clothing we wear, the computers we use, and the foods we eat have all been produced in factories. As technology continues to progress, better products come about.
The newest development that has helped the manufacturing industry is the development of the Internet. It incorporates manufacturing, technology and human thought all onto one computer screen. Products can now be bought without leaving your home. For example, if I needed to buy a new modem, I could turn on my computer and order it through the Internet service I was on. I wouldn't even have to bother waiting on line to pay for it. I would be billed automatically and the product would reach me within a few days.
Another example of how computers and the Internet help the manufacturing industry is that many workers can complete their jobs at home. They no longer have to commute and sit in traffic. They can now do at home many of the same jobs done in an offices. This flexibility adds to the workforce many people who before may not have been able to work.
As new technologies continue to come about, better products will be produced. Products we never dreamed possible years ago such as fax machines, beepers, and computers we now depend on everyday. Manufacturing will continue to progress and prosper as long as technology is there. Manufacturing is the key to a better and brighter tomorrow.
Works Cited "Automation." Microsoft Bookshelf, 1994.
"Automation." Microsoft Encarta, 1994.
"Computers." Microsoft Encarta.
"Factory System." Microsoft Bookshelf, 1994.
"Industrial Revolution." Microsoft Bookshelf, 1994.
"Industrial Revolution." Microsoft Encarta, 1994.
"Steam Engine." Microsoft Encarta, 1994.
"Watt, James." Microsoft Encarta, 1994.