Have you ever wondered how the Great Industrial Revolution started? Throughout history, there have been major political, economic and technological revolutions. The industrial Revolution refers to the greatly increased output of machine-made goods that began in England during 1700s in the textile industries. The economical, political and environmental were factors that contributed to the start of the Industrial Revolution.
The environmental causes effected the villages in England in many ways. The machines in the factories gave was one of the main factors of the environmental causes. The factories had machines that gave off pollutants that contaminated the water and air. The local rivers have been contaminated that made drinking water scarce and impossible to bathe. The air was filled with black smoke and soot from machines which lead to lung diseases and cancer. The increase of factories increased the risks of diseases and death.
The demand of the more factories made need for natural resources raised. Natural Resources became scarce and forced factory owner venture else wear for them. The wealthy bought more land to create more factories to meet the demand, more factories, more money! The more factories created, made cities over populated. Over populated towns made it unbearable to live in and hashed conditions. The Agricultural Revolution was a big cause in Britain.
They attempted to breed larger sheep and produce larger cattle so less work would be done, and more product could contained from one animal, instead of many. During the Revolution, the introduced new implements that soon became into machines that started the Industrial revolution.
The seed drill, Horse hoe were just some of the few implements that pushed for the creation of machines in factories (Doc 1). The Enclosure act had many positive and negative sides. Some positive effects where that there was less land wasted because between strips could now be farmed.
The land of good farmers no longer had to suffer from neglect of neighboring strips. Some negative effects of the Enclosure act was that farmers were evicted because they failed to prove legal entitlement to land their families had worked for generations. Poor farmers who allocated small plots of land were unable to compete with large landowners, many had lost their land when their business failed.
Impacts of the enclosure act effected many people and contributed to the start of the Industrial Revolution (Doc 2). These are some of the environmental causes that contributes to the start of the Industrial revolution.
The political causes helped create the towns and cities we have today. The factories and machines that created technology and transportation and improved life today. The advancement of technology has spread across the world and even improving today. The later development of if rail roads and steam engines promoted travel to new areas for goods, profits and travel. The increase of travel helped the factory owners profit their products and expand their merchandise. The textile mills was the birth place of machines.
The creation of new machines meant that daily life got “simpler”, but at a certain price. The more machines made, meant more work and sometimes in dangerous areas for cheap wedges. During the Industrial revolution, the main thing people wanted was a little freedom again. In Doc 3, in Great Britain, the internal tariffs were obstructing traffic.
This caused innumerable tolls and charges hindered the trade in France before 1789, it was clear that the political & economic freedom in England was one of the causes of industrial expansion. In England, the major coal, iron and tin mines were located around major cities. This was because for the high demand for the natural resources to run the factories, and they were the best place to make a profit (Doc 4). The revolutions of technology was a main cause to the Industrial Revolution.
The economic causes created the advancement in technology and created social classes. The investment of machines made new manufactured products and inventions. The wealthy owners put money into new machines to create and increase productivity. The speed increase allowed more products to be made and sold. The production rate continuously increased to meet the rising demand.
The new technology of transportation made it possible to distribute items for profit. The benefit of the economic causes was that money was being made for the owners but the downfall was that it wasn’t evenly distributed to the employees. The factory soon created the steam engine. The steam engine helped boost the economy in many way. The steam engine created more jobs for the people and it allowed cheap good for an exchange for liberal supplies of the necessaries and comforts of life (Doc 5). The factory inventions were created to make life simpler. The changes in the textile machinery help advance the production of goods.
For example The flying shuttle allowed increased speed of weaving, letting more products to be made, power loom, it was water powered and it automatically wove thread into cloth. Another example is from Doc 7 a & b, about the process of making cloth. The domestic system contained a series of 6 steps before it reached the market. The domestic system was a slow process to make cloth, each step was repeated for every single piece of cloth. The new factory system was more efficient.
It has a series of 4 steps and allowed multiple pieces of cloth to be made and processed and shipped to the market in half the time of the domestic system. These are all some examples of how the economy caused the Industrial Revolution.
The industrial revolution was caused my many factors that contributed to its’ beginning. Environmental, economical and political were the main causes of the beginnings of the revolutions. Without the creations of machines created during the industrial revolution, we would not be where we are today. The industrial revolution was the starting point of the technology we have today.