This applies to the police who apply discretion when arresting or taking charges against and offender. More so, the court systems utilizes discretion when indicting individuals, granting pre-release trials, the aspect of going to trial, and the recommendation of criminal penalties for an offender. Judges in the same tow line, use their discretion in determining the proper level of punishment upon an offender, given the circumstances of the individuals’ criminal history and crime committed. In a particular case, an offender might be sentenced to probation while another one sent to serve sentence in prison, for the same crime committed.
Parole boards have to closely and carefully consider or examine, each offender who is eligible for parole, their entire records and simultaneously recognizing that correctional authorize have a better opportunity, to manage prisoners who have built incentives to abide by the institutional rules and regulations (Travis, 1995 p. 315). The possibility for parole provides offenders with the incentive and motivation to participate into programs, which will enable them to build competency skills in various areas.
It also provides inmates with hope of early release while at the same time being responsible for the tasks or work given to them. The incentive to participate in educational, work and religious programs, and realizing that improved, industrious and responsible behavior will enable them to pass parole easily, consequently will influence the overall behavior of the inmate in the rehabilitation process, reducing the risk concerns by parole boards of re-occurrence of criminal behaviors. Moreover, the parole boards also comprehend that the majority of the offenders, who are incarcerated in prisons, will at one time be released.
This board is placed in a unique position, where it can be able to address and listen to the concerns and needs of prisoners and the community. The parole boards provide a framework for control over communication, between victims and offenders and thereby provide assistance to victims, and aid in the process of community restoration with an environment that is free from damage of crime. Parole boards play a significant role in the criminal justice system, by weighing all relevant factors which are deemed essential to the early release scheme for inmates.
In addition, they ensure that offenders who have passed their parole through good behavior and released into the society, are continually managed under community supervision, therefore enhancing pubic safety through the program. Essentially, the parole board applies a reasonable process, during the period at which there is inadequacy of correctional beds, by targeting prisoners with established good behavior and conducts through parole initiatives, and poses minimum risk to community safety, hence scheduling them for early release to alleviate the problem of congestion in correctional facilities (Travis, 1995 p. 320).
Core services applied through parole include aspects of release planning, investigations, community supervision, victim advocacy, treatment services and immediate response to violations, in order to enhance and promote good behaviors for prison inmates while simultaneously voicing the concerns for victims, thereby establishing a valuable and natural ally where advocacy groups and victims issues, are heard and heeded.
More so, inmates get the opportunity to rehabilitate and conform from criminal instances, with the possibility of parole. Reformed offenders who have proved to be productive and responsible, get the chance to be reintegrated back into the society, and consequently involving themselves with meaningful activities. Support and supervision from both the parole boards and the community at large, can play a tremendous role in completely rehabilitating a convicted person, while ensuring productivity and reform from further criminal activities.