Individual Theories

Juvenile delinquency is a world problem that has been around for centuries. But it is only now in this present era that the problem is truly being recognized due to the amount of problems and issues it brings before the courts with young and under age adolescents. Because of this research is being done to pinpoint the exact causes and reasons for juvenile delinquency. It is common knowledge that children or teenagers are not created alike, nor do they think or act the same either. However for some their actions are due to genetics while others are psychodynamic.

As these problems continue to manifest they become known as theories. My first theory that I will look at is the genetic theory. According to Thomson Learning Inc. Juvenile Delinquency: The Core (2005), it stated that early theories pointed out that delinquency was prone to run in families. The link to this is that a child will inherit genes that control not only height and hair color but it will also include behavior and mental disorders. Studies by Donald J. West has also shown that when parental criminality is present their behavior and actions influence delinquent.

One example of this type of behavior is school yard bullying. It is said that 37 percent of boys that has criminal fathers will become multiple offenders compare to those who don’t. Furthermore findings revealed that juvenile violence among environmental deprived homes was also connected to a lack of parental involvement (Thomas Learning Inc. , 2005). The next theory is known as psychodynamic, which is the systematic study and theory of the psychological forces that underlie human behavior.

This emphasizes the interplay between the unconscious and conscious motivation. According to this theory which was introduced by Sigmund Freud the Australian Doctor, a person’s personality will consist of three components. There is the id, the ego, and the superego. Each of these components hold a thread that brings balance when each one is balanced and not taking over the other. The id is known to seek pleasure; the ego is known to be a more logical and learned behavior that helps one into not taking drastic actions.

Finally there is the super ego that brings balance, morals and conscience which helps in the reality of living nd making conscious and thoughtful decisions. According to Freud the psychological processes are flows of psychological energy in a complex brain, establishing the basis of psychological energy. When these alter egos’s are in balance a persons understanding is forthright and acceptable. However when one ego takes over or over shadows the other ego their tends to be issues where a person will act out and do unthinkable things.

The rationality on thinking is none existent (Lippincott & Wilkins, 2006). As stated above we all know that no two individuals are alike. So with this in mind we will take a look at why some adolescents are motivated to commit crimes and why others in similar circumstances are not motivated to commit the same acts. We will look at one important aspect that can determine some actions in an adolescent’s behavior which is the home environment. A home environment that is stable, conducive and have attentive and caring adults will at times produce a stable adolescent.

When parents are a part of their adolescent’s life in a positive and encouraging way it presents the opportunity for hat adolescent to do right and not to disappoint their parents. The adolescent will think over their situation before acting out in a way that will produce criminal behavior. On the other hand an adolescent that comes from a broken home with little to no supervision and guidance will tend to do whatever they please. The unsupervised adolescent will be encouraged to commit crimes that will ultimately get them in trouble with the law .

Furthermore they will hang with the same type of company that will encourage wrong ctions and behavior that will ultimately land them on the wrong side with the law. They will come to accept these individuals as their extended family and will ultimately share in their wrong actions also (Lippincott & Wilkins, 2006) (Thomson Learning Inc. , 2005). The Genetic and Psychological Theories share common traits and aspect. As studies for these theories continue to produce positive results, it is safe to conclude that the appropriate treatment for juvenile delinquency will either stabilize or continue to decrease.