Indian Economy

Section 1: Basic Issues in Economic Development Developed and Underdeveloped Economies 1. W hat are the features of an Underdeveloped Economy? How far is India still characterized by them? [8,7] (2009) 2. Discuss the salient features of India as underdeveloped but developing economy. (2006)

Economic Growth and Development, Human Development 1. Economic Growth is the means to achieve the end which is the improvement in the quality of life of Human Beings." Comment. What other factor/ conditions are required besides economic growth for achieving an improved quality of life? [7,8] (2010) 2. Explain the concept of Human Development as distinguished from Economic Development. W hat is the Human Development Index (HDI)? Comment on India's HDI. [15] (2009)

3. Distinguish between economic growth and economic development. „Non economic factors are as much important in economic development as economic factors'. Comment.(2008) [6,9] 4. "Growth is necessary but not sufficient condition for development." Explain what are the factors affecing economic developments of a country? (2007)

Sustainable Development 1.

W hat is meant by sustainable development? What measures should a country like India take to protect its environment? (2008) [4,5]

Section 2: Indian Economy at Independence 1. “Indian economy on the eve of independence showed all signs of an underdeveloped economy." Explain with the help of basic statistics such as GNP per capita, poverty, life expectancy, literacy etc. [15] (2010)

Section 3: Policy regimes Development Strategy, Five year Plans 1.

W hat is meant by Economic Reforms in India? Outline the various reform measures undertaken in India since the 1990s. [15] (2009)

2.

Explain and evaluate reform measures which India has taken for structural adjustment since 1991. (2007) Growth, equity and sustainability are the main objectives of Tenth Five Year Plan. Discuss. (2006) W hat do you mean by Globalisation ? Discuss the issues arising out of W .T.O. negotiations. (2005)

3. 4.

Section 4: Growth, Development and Structural Change For personal use only. Circulation of the material is prohibited. Available free of cost on dupedia.com.

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Economic Growth and Regional Development 1. W rite short note on regional imbalance in economic development in India. [6] (2010) 2. Describe trends in inter-regional disparities in growth and development. W hat are their implications? [15] (2009)

Structural Changes in Indian Economy 1. W rite short note on Structural changes in Indian economy since Independence . [9] (2010) 2. Discuss the changes in sectoral composition of G.D.P. '[8] (2008) 3. Analysis briefly the changes in the sectoral composition national income. Do these changes reflect economic growth? (2007)

Land Reforms 1. Briefly describe the Land Reforms in India. Discuss why the New Agricultural Strategy was necessary. [8,7] (2009) 2.

Discuss reasons for slow progress of Land Reforms. [7] (2008)

Changed Policy Perspective 1. W rite an essay on the growth performance of India's economy under different policy regimes since 1951. [15] (2010) 2. Explain and evaluate the reform measures which India has taken for structural adjustment since 1991. (2008) 3. Explain the measures of Economic Reforms un dertaken in India since 1991. (2006)

Employment and Unemployment 1. Suggest measures to reduce unemployment. [8] (2010) 2. Explain nature and extent of urban unemployment. What factors do you attribute to rural unemployment in India? (2007) 3. W rite short notes on : a. Problems of Unemployment and Poverty in India (2005)

Poverty in India 1. "Population growth is not a cause but a resuIt 0f poverty”. Do you agree? Explain in the light of India's experience in this regard. [15] (2010) 2. Suggest measures to reduce poverty. [7] (2010) 3.

4. 5. 6.

Discuss: a. Poverty Line in India [7] (2009) “Poverty and unemployment are closely related“. Comment . Discuss the poverty alleviation programmes which address the issue of employment generation. [6,9] (2008)

Explain the causes of poverty in India. What measures have been taken by the government to reduce poverty?(2007) W rite short notes on: a. Sustainable Development (2005)

Population For personal use only. Circulation of the material is prohibited. Available free of cost on dupedia.com.

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1. Explain the reasons why Birth Rate still continues to be high in India while there has been a relative decline in Death Rate. Critically examine the measures taken to control the rate of growth of population. [15] (2009)

2. „The relationship between population and economic development is a two sided relationship.' Explain the statement in the light of India's experience since 1951. (2008) 3. The relationship between population and economic development is two sided relationship." Explain this statement in the light of India's experience since 1951. (2006) 4. W hat is the meaning of Population Explosion? Discuss the main causes of rapid growth of Population in India and what measures have been taken by the Government of India to control the population growth in India. (2005)

Section 5: Sectoral Trends and Changes Indian Agriculture 1. W rite short notes on: a. Major factors responsi ble for deceleration of growth in agriculture production in the last 15 years. [8] (2010) 2. Bring out the factors responsible for low productivity in Indian agriculture. Examine the role of technology in this regard.(2007) 3. W hat steps do you suggest for increasing agricultural production and productivity in India? (2006)

Green Revolution 1.

Examine the trends in agricultural production and productivity during the Green Revolution and postreform period. What has been the impact of Green Revolution on regional imbalances? [9,6] (2008)

Agricultural Price Policy and Food Security 1. W rite short note on role of agricultural price policy in food security. [7] (2010) 2. Discuss Public Distribution System in India. [8] (2009) 3. Explain and critically review the Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS) of the Government of India. (2007)

Industrial Growth 1. Do you agree with the view that the impact of reforms on industrial growth not been spectacular? Provide reasons in support of your answer. [15] (2008) 2. Discuss the trends in Industrial growth during the post reform period. W hat are the reasons for the satisfactory performance of the Industrial Sector during this period? (2007)

Public Sector 1. Discuss the performance of public sector enterprises in India. How has liberalization affected this performance? [15] (2009) 2.

Discuss the problems of Public Sector Enterprises. [8] (2008)

Small Scale sector

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1. Explain briefly the importance of small scale industries India.(2008) [6] 2. Discuss the role of Small -scale industries in Indian economy. Briefly explain the Government Policy in-their development. (2006)

3. W hat is the importance of Small-scale and Cottage industries in Indian Economy? Discuss various measures that have been taken by the Government of India to encourage the development of Small-scale and Cottage industries. (2005)

Service Sector, Financial Sector 1. W rite short notes on: a. Role, performance and growth of the services sector in India. [9] (2010) 2. Q. Write a note on major concerns for the Indian financial sector in the light of the global financial crisis. [6] (2010)

Foreign Capital; Foreign Trade 1. W rite short notes on: a. Role played by the external sector on 'India's economic development. [7] (2010) 2. Discuss Foreign Direct Investment in India after 1991. [8] (2006) 3. Discuss change in the composition of Foreign Trade since 1991. [7] (2008) 4. Examine the progress of India's Foreign Trade since 1991. Do you think liberalisation measures adopted by the Government of India have a good impact on Foreign Trade Sector in India? (2005)

Balance of Payments 1. 2. 3.

Describe the trends in India's Balance of Payments since 1990-91. Discuss any two indicators of the External Sector. [8,7] (2009) 'The position of balance of payments has been satisfactory since 1991'. Highlight the role played by 'Invisibles' and 'Foreign Investment' in this regard. [15] (2008)

Throw light on the major developments of India's balance of payment position in recent years. Suggest measures to reduce the deficit in India's balance of payment. (2006)

Trade Policy 1. W hat are the main features of new Trade Policy announced in the period since 1991? Present a critical appraisal of this Policy. (2007)

India and WTO 1. Write a note on impact of WTO on India's agriculture sector. [8] (2010) 2. Discuss India and the WTO. [7] (2009) 3. W rite a note on impact Trade Organization (WTO) agreements on Indian Economy. (2006)

Misc. Q. Suggest a suitable Reform Agenda for Indian agriculture. Q. What factors were responsible for the economic crisis of early 1990's?

(2005) (2007)

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Q. Examine the challenges and outlook for the industrial sector in India. W hat policy measures would you suggest for this sector so that it may help in resolving the critical problems of poverty and unemployment in our country.[15]

(2010)

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