Crime profiles provide an organized database of enlisted seven major forms of crimes. This methods is use to descriptively summarized the major law offenses in the country and provide officials with the basis in determining its suspects. Crime typology is the scientific study on determining the links associated between different types of criminals and crimes committed. Under this study, no standard is determined and there exists many schools of thought on how each category are measured and determined. In studying crimes and its nature, criminologist has long understood the complexity and diversity associated with it.
It encompass more than just understanding the mind of a criminal, but also other factors at which he or she can possibly commit a crime. Crime typologies have facilitated for many years the causal analysis of criminals and their respective natures. (Miethe et al, 2006) In understanding criminal typologies, it must be noted that the method applied is not just brought about by a single theory providing the link on how criminals act and thinks, it considers different forms of observed criminal behavior brought by for example, psychological or the economic needs of the criminal.
It is possible that criminal activities share the same causal factors, but criminal typology entails analysis and weighting of other influential factors that will differ from one offense to the other. Criminal typologies have a significant role in the law system of the country because it facilitates crime prevention and correctional efforts to maintain peace and order in the society. By understanding the behavior to which criminals act, crimes are prevented to occur because of the known chance of correcting the behavior before it is acted upon.
Precise determination of the crime type or homogeneity is critical is making the pursuit to prevent crime from happening. Furthermore, crime typologies enable law officials to identify and locate criminals with precision and accuracy through the guidelines set by the profiling system. It enables officials to have an understanding on even the victim’s perception about his or her vulnerability brought consequently by the understanding of the motivation from the offender.
(Miethe et al. , 2006) As an effective measure to prevent crimes from happening, criminal typologies enables the recognition of the probability of escalation and the anticipation of community response to effectively protect and serve the society against criminals.
- Miethe, Terance, Richard McCorkle & Shelley Listwan. 2006 (3rd edition). Crime Profiles: The Anatomy of Dangerous
- Persons, Places, and Situations. California: Roxbury Publishing Company.