Illegal Immigration in the United States is a major concern that needs to be addressed and its impact cannot be underestimated. The idea of hiring undocumented immigrants due to cheap labor cost is profitable to some but has an overall negative societal effect. In a new Center for Immigration Studies report that was released, Camarota (2004) presented that illegal immigration cost $10 billion in 2002 Based on Census Bureau data, the study estimates that households headed by illegal aliens used $10 billion more in government services than they paid in taxes in 2002.
These figures are only for the federal government; costs at the state and local level are also likely to be significant. The study also finds that if illegal immigrants were given amnesty, the fiscal deficit at the federal level would grow to nearly $29 billion according to the article Economic costs of legal and illegal immigration.
The negative financial effect of illegal immigration on the U. S. economy is affecting all the strata of our society, aside from other effects that it has on both the legal immigrants and natural citizens. In the article The Dark Side of Illegal Immigration, Wagner (2007) mentioned the negative effects of illegal immigration that can personally affect an ordinary US citizen.
He cited negative effects such as: illegal immigration can be an easy conduit for terrorists entering the USA, massive escalation in crime, surge in foreign national prisoners to support for years, increases Balkanization of US, increases multiculturalism/ segregation/divisiveness instead of the American melting pot, increases desire for Aztlan (reclaiming SW states for Mexico), increasing number of traffic accidents, main contributor to surging US population, dramatic impact on society and infrastructure – including education, destruction of fragile ecosystems in American SW, main cause of emergency rooms and hospitals closing as well as service cut backs, introduction of third world diseases, increased welfare costs, and massive costs to society.
In essence, the disadvantages of illegal immigration far outweigh the advantages that profit a few but affects the masses. According to the Wikipedia, Illegal immigration to the United States refers to the act of foreign nationals voluntarily resettling in the United States in violation of U. S. immigration and nationality law. Unsanctioned entry into the United States is a crime under the Immigration and Nationality Act, and those who have entered unlawfully are subject to deportation. Crossing the United States border without US Government authorization or failing to honor the terms of authorized forms of entry, such as tourist visas, represent the most common means of violation.
The Immigration and Nationality Act exemplifies that illegal entry into the US is a misdemeanor for first-time offenders, while people who repeatedly enter the US without proper documentation can be charged as felonies. Under this category are people who entered the US for seasonal employment without legal documents and are classified as illegal immigrants. The Pew Hispanic Center Report (2006) estimated that 57% of this population comes from Mexico and about half of them are illegal; 25% from Central America and, to a lesser extent, South America; 9% from Asia; 6% from Europe, and the remaining 4% from elsewhere. This figure accounts for the massive influx of immigrants revealing that most of these illegal immigrants are from Mexico and Central America. Because of its geographical location Mexico ranked first on the list.