With the above overview from the very past up to the present with regard to U. S. immigration and specialized jobs, it is now important to look into this matter more closely so that an authentic observation can be acquired with regard to what is really happening in terms of U. S. immigration policies and specialized job market in the country. The 1990s saw a boom in the increase of immigration into U. S. borders reaching an all-time historical height as 13 to 14 million foreign net workers entered U. S.
They contributed to 40% of the total growth of the country over the next 10 year in the resident population. They also had (an un-estimated) impact on labor workforce. With varying degrees in terms of gender, age, and other variables, this work force presents a different view today. According to latest analyses and reports, (2000 Census data; CPS surveys, etc. ) the present scenario both in the workforce and the present trends of immigration have been at par with the boom of the 1990s immigration. Among the many jobs that the present immigrants hold are the specialized jobs also.
In contrast to the past situation, which mainly about immigrant occupying low-wages workforce in the market or semi-skilled jobs, the present workforce has given different statistics. According to the new analyses a large number of recent immigrant hold specialized jobs in management, engineering, scientific areas, production, and other such levels. In addition to this, they remain under-represented in a number of fields which should not blur our view. These fields are those which were majorly occupied by Native Americans only.
But presently the climate has changed. New immigrants now are noted to be having higher salary and the level of job has elevated. Mainly creating an impact on the private sector, they are there for a substantial reason. The reason is that the educational gap between younger American females and males is growing; moreover, the human capital deficits of aged males, these all are resulting in these demographic changes, market climate, and increasing dependence on immigrants. This time nearly nine out of ten in the private sector are newly arrived immigrants.
What is surprising is the finding of the analyses that in spite of barriers in business ownership and startups, the rate of self-employment among all immigrants was just 1% lower than what was found among native workers. New immigrants were also found to be less well-educated and were under age 35. It is these new immigrants that filled up labor gaps in the market too. It was also found that more than 1/3 of new immigrants worked on blue-color jobs and many specialized jobs in production and manufacturing, construction.
Of three, one of these people held a professional occupation in management, technical area and so on in the years 2000-2001. These findings and other such analyses have aroused national concerns and are being voiced in legislature as well (Ascribe news, 2002). However, there are more studies which show the different aspect of the picture. Longitudinal studies show that arrival of immigrants is beneficial for the native people for a number of reasons.
Some of which are, the immigrants contribute positively to national growth; they have less crime involvement than natives; they are more hard working (specially the new immigrants); the immigrating people contribute to social and physiological betterment of the country as well; besides this, the immigrants also have positive impact in the long-run on public budget. As such it is not a wise remark to suggest that immigrants are depriving natives of their jobs and security by occupying specialized jobs and so on (US Fed News, 2007).