Immigration process has become one of the major factors which are being forecasted by every economy in the world. Immigration might help people in improving there lives but it is questionable that along with helping them self do they help the economy of the designated country? What if the immigration is mostly illegal? How will it affect the current social and economic system? This research is based on the issues of illegal immigration and the effects on the American economy. United States of America has the world’s largest growing economy.
For the past several years the U. S economy has preformed very well, combining rapid growth and very low unemployment with declining inflation It has a GDP of around 12. 98 trillion (2006 figure) U. S dollars . The economy of the United States is considered to be a mixed economy although most the decision making is done by the private sector the economy and the government tends to play a minor role in the economy.
The second most important factor that makes the U. S economy a successful one is the labor market of the U. S. the labor market basically determines the productive capacity of an economy. The research material is based on the impact of immigration on the lives of locals living in Texas. History of the Issue History states that within the lifetime of a few Texan old timers the state has surged from about three million inhabitants (1900) to well over 18 million and it is still growing rapidly. Texans are rightfully proud that the state is attractive to newcomers, but as conditions in the state change, so do the benefits and costs of continued rapid growth.
Over the years the United States has kept its place of having the world’s fastest growing economy and has maintained the economic growth through offering immense attraction to the immigrants. The increase in the number of migrants entering the country causes a chain reaction; the population increases and so does the availability of workers (skilled/ unskilled), the propensity to consume also increases and the increase in the availability of workers results in an increased productive capacity. The components of population growth are fertility, mortality and immigration.
This study is not about mortality or fertility, although it notes that a decrease in immigration from abroad would not, by itself, be sufficient to stabilize population size. Rather the focus is on immigration and how it has contributed to change in Texas' population and what the prospects are for the future, if current trends continue. Researches indicate that 10% of American teenagers drop out of high school to work as unskilled labor-force ; however, now these jobs have been fulfilled by the immigrants as the Americans no longer wish to take them.
Between 2000 and 2005 the population of the US grew by 15 million, of which immigrants accounted for 6. 2 million (Approximately 41. 33%). Out of these 6. 2 million, 42% of the immigrants were Latin Americans, 32% Asians, while 16% came from Europe. The changing pattern of immigration can be seen when examining the numbers and regional origin of immigrants arriving over the past four decades. Because of this escalating immigration, the estimated number of foreign born in 2007 has almost doubled.
Such rapid growth and change in the ethnic composition of the population pose an enormous challenge for the society. Over the past 25 years, the nation has added 60 million people; can it realistically accommodate another 60 million people over the next 25 years and another 75 million in the following 30 years? The debate moves on with arguments from a growing number of scientists that the world is already over-taxing the available natural resources. Texas stands at about the national average in terms of the health of its people.
The state's infant mortality rate is 7. 2 per 1,000 births for Whites and 15. 4 for Blacks. This is better than the corresponding national averages of 7. 6 for Whites and 18 for Blacks. Much more could be written about the demographics of Texas today, but the preceding discussion furnishes the context for looking at past and future trends related to the issue of how immigration shapes the population dynamics of the state. Immigration linked to a Low Pay Scale
US has improved and maintained its economy by creating stringent immigration requirements and regulations. The level of production is increased through increase of the labor supply; the availability of labor-force in turn implies meeting the demand for labor in the country. Around 77% of the workers employed in the agriculture sector are Mexicans; the reason being that these people are mostly unskilled and this kind of job suits their nature of no-skills. The natives avoid this work as it requires true hard work.
The immigrants, especially the illegal ones, are made to work at really low wages; a wage rate that a native citizen would never accept and this is the reason that organizations are biased towards immigrants as it drastically reduces their cost of production. Moreover, these immigrants are mainly from an underdeveloped nation and migrate looking for work; therefore, they are willing to work in any given condition which is again highly acceptable by employers as cost competitiveness is the key to success for a profit oriented organization.
The immigrants can afford the low pay since most of the times they share a house with multiple bachelors/immigrants living together and sharing the cost of living. Their major aim is to save their money to send back home. The major reason of Americans not doing certain jobs is, again, the competitive rate that is being offered due to the consideration of immigrants working at a lower wage scale.