Immigration Policy in America

This study will draw on the history of Chinese immigration, to the influence of the Chinese immigrant on American politics, economics and culture. The issue of immigration, being a contentious in the United States, it is taken very serious by the American government. Immigration policies developed in the 1920s involved the creation of the U. S. border control and the award of a quota to each foreign group that was recorded as part of the U. S. census figures. The Immigration and Nationality Act was created in 1952 to deal with immigration and naturalization issues.

Asia begun applying for visas in large number in 1924. By the 1990s immigrants to the United States had reached a record 8. 8 million people. Today the U. S. can boast a mixture/blend of ethnic and cultural diversity. It is home to people of all races and different cultural, economic, social and cultural backgrounds. In the 18th century, the Chinese became the first Asians to immigrate to the U. S. Initially only a few Chinese could immigrate as the U. S. had passed a Chinese Exclusion Act which was a way to keep out the numerous unskilled workers who were immigrating.

The California Gold Rush can be said the biggest pull factor to immigrant Chinese workers into the U. S. According to section six of the Exclusion Act, however, any Chinese who did not have an identification certificate was not allowed into the United States. Women were also not allowed to immigrate as they were considered as unskilled laborers. Preference was given to skilled laborers such as teachers. A major reason as to why the Chinese were not being allowed to immigrate was because the Americans regarded them as lazy and law breakers therefore an undesirable group of people.

This was a very different analysis from the initial one because the Chinese, who had arrived in the 1800, had been welcomed on the basis of their being hardworking and friendly. A major theory that talks on immigration issues in the conspiracy theory. The theory mainly talks of immigration from a negative point of view. That the immigrants are responsible for bringing to the U. S. infectious diseases such as leprosy, that they are also responsible for the rampant insecurity in neighborhoods as most immigrants are criminals and that proposed reforms such as the Kennedy-Mccain bill could lead to an immigrant population explosion.

This theory can be said to have no basis, because as far as immigration is concerned, immigrants more so the Chinese, have benefited the U. S. For instance they helped lay the tracks for the transcontinental railroad from Omaha to Sacramento; they were involved in farming and also built the embankment in the Delta in Sacramento River. Chinese cuisine with an American touch has revolutionized food in the U. S. Chinatown provides gift shops and sea food restaurants. The Kanji tattoos use the Chinese symbols for marks, a favorite of many Americans.

Thus the theory in this instance does not hold. However, American laborers see the unskilled Chinese immigrants as pushing them out of work that belongs to them and consequently lowering the amount of minimum wages. Because of the abundant cheap labor, American companies do not invest in capital intensive technologies. The unskilled Chinese laborers also put a strain on the government to provide basic amenities. This still does not deny the fact that the Chinese are still a good source of cheap labor for American industries.

This is what has led to the proposal to adopt such policies as having workers as guests, that is, the worker only arrive in America to work for some time then leave. However, it is argued against because even after they are done working, the workers do not return home opting to stay which puts a strain on already existing but stretched resources. President Bush has also called for the legalization of the immigrants who entered the United States illegally. To the president this is the only way of legitimizing their stay.

The argument is however disputed, that the immigrants will still not be able to access skills or educations meaning no real positive change in their lives. Immigrants are not really wanted by the American public. The study refutes the conspiracy theory and goes to show that what are needed is sound policies. The hiring of skilled immigrant workers will get widespread support. Also, the awarding of visas to skilled spouses with young children as opposed to bulky complete families is a better option as both spouses could be skilled and that would go a long way in encouraging innovation and subsequent positive changes

Methodology The hypothesis to be tested is whether there is a link between Chinese immigration and its influence on the American economics, politics and culture. The population for this study is defined as adult Chinese of immigrant Chinese parents. The subjects to be recruited by approach by the principle researcher and permission requested so that they can be interviewed informed consent to be obtained before proceeding to collect the information. Sampling Probability sampling is where each person will have an equal chance of being interviewed.

A sample size of 200 will be adequate. Stratification will be used (men and women). Data collection in form of interviews, questionnaires will be used where appropriate. They’ll be useful as they will give first hand information on immigration experiences plus perceived strengths and weaknesses in immigration laws. Misconceptions on Chinese immigrants will be documented. Conclusion The study will analyze immigration from its historical perspective to where it stands today. The Chinese immigrants will be the focus.

How they have influenced the American culture, politics and economics will also be addressed. The immigration laws proposed and how they are to affect immigrant Chinese also assessed. The Conspiracy Theory on immigration is refuted with examples how the Chinese have had positive influences on American culture, politics and economics. The research methodology is to include the qualitative techniques of interviews and questionnaires.

Works cited page

Borjas, George J. Heaven’s Door: Immigration Policy and the American Economy. Princeton, N. J. : Princeton University Press, 1999.