The present paper is an extensive investigation of immigration, U. S. immigration laws, and employers operation in the labor market of the U. S. The paper takes a three dimensional approach in reaching the conclusion by examining a number of sources, facts, and opinions. AS such the paper is a thorough account for the present issue. 2- Overview of Immigration Although immigration to the U. S. and its history is considerably long and thus needs much more space than this paper has.
Chiswisk (1982), chases it remarkably in his book. However, reviewing the pages of history, we come to know that the impressive phase where immigration to U. S. becomes notable with regard to in-bound human traffic and U. S. legislation related to it is the time around World War II. After World War II history saw U. S. modifying its harsh laws about immigration. Thus, we see that in the post-World War II time around 150,000 people were let enter the U. S. borders yearly.
Though it slumped during Great Depression, but it slowly reached up in the 1950s and the 1960s and the 1970s as 250,000, 320,000, and 400,000 annually, respectively. As such, there was a time the American citizens accepted people from third world because the national horizons had prepared them. There were a lot of immigration-related issues that were dealt with in this period of time. However, the situation at present has given rise to many a voice on the national front.
That there should be a limit to immigration number and laws is what the scholars and other concerned persons are loudly saying (Chiswisk, (1982). The immigration has been allowed on a number of issues, whether it was for filling up the gaps of IT consultants and experts with H1 visa due to endless demand by the growing market (Filipino Express, 2001), or it was immigration from across Mexican borders to fill up some odd jobs through a guestworker program against temporary visa (AP Online, 2007), there has been concern raised by both common citizens and scholars.
The Issue since the mid 1999s, particularly, has caught critical attention specially in the high-skilled job area where it is said that the in-bound immigrants from different countries are replacing local American citizens in the job market, something that has put most worrying about immigration laws and their future in the country (Ingber, 1995).
Another reason for this concern on the national front was policies that immigration authorities brought forward in the same span of time for example Washington approved an increase in the high-skilled foreign workers for IT sector in 1998 which gave a lot of worries to both the citizens and policy makers (Mittelstadt, 1998). Thus at present, the immigration discourse has witnessed new concepts and terms like dilemma, complexities, protection of native wages, and so on. This clearly shows the changing winds on the U. S. immigration pastures (Stockstill, 2005).
Moreover, there are issues like transfer of industry to other countries making the natives lose their jobs. This is somehow linked to the same area because this transferred is aiming at the low-waged high-skilled workforce in third world countries like India (Plets, 2002). This all has somehow impacted foreign policy and U. S. immigration laws to alter. And now there is something like cracking down on illegal immigrants to send them back home by the U. S. government which is another issue (Daily Oklahoma, 2007). In the following, statistics have been given.