Immigration laws in the US

America has and is always is a land of opportunities. She has had a history of mixed feelings right from the early twentieth century, when anti-Asian sentiment was rampant, and they aroused the hostility and suspicion of white Americans especially the Asiatic Exclusion League and the American Federation of Labor, who campaigned vigorously against the ‘ragheads’ and the ‘Hindoo menace’. While immigration rules clamped down hard on Indians in 1917 and again in 1924, things began to change after the mid-1900s.

For a country with such expanse of land, and a relatively low population level, the country needs the service of all kinds of people to drive the country forward today. With the advancement of Information Technology, the country finds itself at the mercy of skilled non-immigrant workers, who come from places like, India and China. Considering that a huge volume of dollars are being carried away by these temporary workers, the immigration law of the land could identify areas where skilled workers are in demand, and allow quotas on an annual basis to stop the flow of the greenback from its shores.

Such a move will not only help the country curtail the flow of dollars abroad, but will also help develop the economic structure in this country. After 1965, a figure of 469,000 Indians was admitted as immigrants, according to the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS). The increased inflow was a result of changes in the immigration law that abolished the national origins quota, provided family unification, and granted visas to skilled professionals.

The unprecedented transformation of the American economy from an industrialized to a post-industrialized era demanded the kind of skills the Indians had, and those who were admitted, fitted the bill. Quotas to encourage the entry of skilled professionals, who are in shortage in the U. S is most welcome (Holli and Jones, 1995, p. 440). 2. 0    The Importance of Multicultural Relations America has for long remained the land of dreams. Many people entered the country legally and illegally in search of a better life.

Immigrants came, and still continue to do so, in search of a better life or escape religious or political persecution in their native country. Forced immigration has placed many descendants of Africans and Asians living in America for centuries, in a position of perpetual acculturation regarding their identity. This is however not the case with those immigrants who came to America voluntarily or who were welcomed for social, political, or economic reasons. The United States had a bitter history of racism under White colonial rule, and continues to do so under a less prominent scale.

Despite these minor hiccups, the country remains a multicultural society. However, Americans continue to remain a divided lot. Descendents of every continent in the world constitute the face of American today. Be it American-Europeans, American-Africans, Hispanics, or Asians, the country remains a multicultural nation. Immigration into the country has never been as ominous as today (Rahmaan Ali, 2007). The number of people entering the country has gone up dramatically, and will continue to do so in the company decades.

Family-sponsored immigration, work permits, religious work permits and company-sponsored work permits have brought more and more people into this great country. This has added a new dimension into the way the state administration had to work to accommodate these people in the mainstream. The country can least afford to have a sectarian-run society. Many third world countries have opened their border to FDI and equity-participation in their country, leading to economic development and growth.

Countries like China and India stand testimony of the way these two countries have benefited from globalization. In the context of such developments, America can least afford to have any form of disparity among its multicultural civilization. The country needs to be united and the people made to feel a part of the great nation that we are. The early immigrants from Africa and Asia worked in the fields and helped the country become self-sufficient in agricultural output. Their descendants need to be treated with respect as an American, despite their color or race.

Only when the people of this country become one will the nation be able to influence itself on the world economy. Just as much as the recent immigration of skilled labor from India and other parts of Asia, the local populace must be encouraged to contribute to the national growth. The differences between the multicultural groups and white Americans remain a national issue. This issue must be addressed at local and national level. The issue of identity-crisis needs to be taken up at the earliest and the immigrants made to feel a part of the national agenda.

The development of effective multicultural relationships, communications, and understanding remains a prerogative of this country in today's highly volatile and racially-charged atmosphere (Rahmaan Ali, 2007). While most developed countries have accepted immigrants from other countries into their society, and made heady progress economically, American can ill-afford to remain a divided society. Immigrants have contributed to the economic development of their respective adopted country, and this has helped their governments no ends. In the light of such developments, can America ignore the multicultural relationship within the country?

I guess not. The significant factors affecting the issue and some insights The United States has often been referred to as the, ‘Nation of Immigrants. ’ Over centuries, people from Europe, Africa, Asia and Latin America have come here and helped fashion a complex, vibrant and diverse American mosaic. However, the contentious issue of racism has not helped the country overcome the debates about immigrants and their impact on jobs, wages and the overall economy, local social services, relations with other groups, being American (Steven McKay, 2006).

Prof. Steven McKay says that the best way to address this would be to introspect two contentious sets of questions; one, why do migrants come to the United States? And why might they stop or continue to migrate? And, two, what happens once an immigrant arrives? What are the economic, social, political and cultural consequences of their presence? How have different waves and groups of immigrants experienced different ‘contexts of reception,’ and how have they contributed to a shifting ‘color line’ in American race/ethnic relations (Steven McKay, 2006).

Many Americans feel that there has to be a curb on the quotas issued for migrants into the country. With more and more people entering the country, the average American feels that his source of income diminishes, thereby leading him to revolt. The country has been generous to invite all kinds of people from around the world, but the question of how many of them actually contribute to the economic development of the country remains a scourge.

The country must first be in a position to fulfill the sentiments of the existing people within the country, before bringing skilled or semi-skilled people from abroad. This way, the acts of trepidation can be done away with, and the issue of multicultural relation solved in the interest of national economic development.  

Reference

Melvin G. Holli and Peter d'Alroy Jones, 1995, Ethnic Chicago: A Multicultural Portrait, Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, http://books. google. co. in/books? id=2JbU1d9Xil0C&dq=U. S+Immigration+Law+and+multicultural+quotas Rahmaan Ali, America's Dilemma Revisited: A Review of Challenges of a Changing America, Challenges of a Changing America: Perspectives on Immigration and Multiculturalism in the United States (Second Edition, 2001)

Edited by Ernest R. Myers San Francisco: Caddo Gap Press ISBN 1-880192-37-3, 336, http://findarticles. com/p/articles/mi_qa3935/is_200704/ai_n19198588 Steven McKay, 2006, Sociology: Multicultural America: Immigration and Ethnicity in the US, Fall 2006, http://www.iir.berkeley.edu/~iir/immigration/teachers/McKay_Sociology_undergrad_Fall%2006.pdf