The United States is home to several ethnic communities some of which started immigrating as early as the 17th Century. Germans, Scandinavians and people of Irish ancestry are among the major groups that occupy the modern day United States as a direct result of their immigration many centuries ago. Scandinavians often visited America for several reasons, but most notably to explore the new found land, launch colonial adventures, to become permanent residents of America and for others, to follow their faith.
By the end of modern day America’s first century, tens of thousands of immigrants began to come from lands such as Sweden, Denmark, Iceland, Finland and Norway. Scandinavian elites like their other counterparts from Europe considered the eastern part of the seaboard a good site for investment. Ordinary Scandinavians on the other hand sought a new land where they could practice their free conscience peacefully and without limitations (Wesley, 2004). This kind of environment never quite existed in their native lands.
In the 19th Century, social upheavals and political instability rocked the formerly peaceful Scandinavian lands as a result of agricultural disasters and famines, and regional wars. Official corruption, unfavorable church policies and increasing gaps between the poor and the rich also led huge masses to seek new settlement in America (Wesley, 2004). Early Swedish settlers established Fort Christina and later settled as farmers in such places as Wisconsin. The settlers integrated with locals and worked in minefields, railroads as well as in other professional fields (Gjerde, 1998).
To some immigrants the America fell short of their previous imagination as they had to contend with laborious jobs and social discrimination. Germans Immigrants to the United States Huge numbers of Germans immigrants entered America between the late 1680s and 1760s. Their migration was pushed by factors such as: military conscription, religious persecution and worsening opportunities for farmers in Central Europe. Pull factors included better conditions for farmers in the US.