According to Houtum, and Pijpers (2007) the member states of European Union are witnessing an "internal liberalization" due to an increase in the migration of "cross border labor. " However, there are efforts towards the "tightening of control and management at external borders. " European Union, they say, is vigorously busy in "strategically” choosing immigrants from members, non-members and international states, who can be of "economic value. " Peri and Sparber (2007) mention that the countries of origin of United States immigrants have radically “changed" with a "drastic decrease” in the number of immigrants from European countries.
The overall result of the open door policy for the members of the European Union will be seen as highly beneficial, especially in the long-term. Since Europe will now be able to hold onto its new generations and prepare them as a highly strategic workforce. Even the poorer regions will benefit from the higher education and better living standards because now their new generations can freely migrate. The concern about the unskilled flood will end as soon as this mass is trained and strategically employed to use it learned skill.
The report by NIC (2004) identifies that factors such as “market size, single currency, highly skilled work force, stable democratic governments, unified trade bloc, and GDP” will enable the European Union to play a major role on international level. The report says that the increase in the diversification of European population will lead to “strong bonds” with all the races and religions of the world. Before the advent of free trade market and the open border policy, most of the European population migrated to United States.
However, a few people remained loyal to their continent but Europe still suffered a huge loss by letting go of its young generation. The people left behind have now entered the “aging population” category and European Union needed to change its policy to halt its “shrinking work force. ” The countries in Western Europe are more developed but have a fertility rate of 1. 4. This was once considered a threat, but now with the induction of less developed central European states the European Union can develop and maintain a workforce to achieve a competitive advantage over other nations.
The following graph by the United Nations shows the projected population of Europe in 2050, mainly due to increase in immigration. Figure 1: Projected Migration Europe vs. United States The report by NIC (2004) brings up yet another interesting point about the ways through which Europe might become the superpower. They say that it will do so from achieving economic, social stability and resolving the issue of “aging population. ” The issue can be addressed by increasing the number of “legal immigration and better integration of workers, and increasing flexibility in the workplace.
” At the time of its inception the leaders of European Union forgot about achieving social stability, their focus was a unified political and economic platform. The availability of healthy social resources is essential for attaining the perfect unison. Today’s leaders have caught onto the mistake of their forefathers by focusing majorly on social stability. There are numerous reasons why European citizen would now choose Europe over the United States. Firstly, the American dream pushed the rush of immigrants to the United States.
The American dream is linked to freedom and a better standard of living. Through the introduction of a free trade market, open border policy and a common European currency European Union has achieved just that. Europe now provides freedom and a much better standard of living for the citizens of European Union member states. Thus, the competitive edge of United States no longer exists. The social, economic and political stability once desired by the immigrant is now available in his own country. Another reason to prefer European countries is social in nature.
The young generations might want to preserve their culture for their children. Now the living standards and wages in Europe can be as high as the United States. The European citizen will consider it a trade-off to let go of his cultural backgrounds and links by moving to the new world. Their children can now grow in the similar cultural norms and values while enjoying a better education and living standard. Even though the culture of European states varies, it is far much more similar than the culture of United States. European countries hold traditional values which are passed on by generations.