Beal (2004), defines Illegal Music Downloading as the downloading of copyrighted material without any permission from the musician or singer. The downloaded material usually comes from websites, unauthorised servers and file sharing. In 2001, BBC News had reported that the national groups needed to remove 1,060 unauthorized servers, 28,000 pirate web and music files, and 700 million unauthorised music files. Some identified websites that have peer-to-peer file sharing is the BitTorrent websites and Limewire.
DeLeon (2006), had noted in his report in New York Times that there are five billion songs were downloaded from P2P (Peer-to-Peer) networks in 2006 as compared to the 509 million songs from legitimate sources like ITunes. Illegal Music Download can be considered as a crime by the RIAA (Recording Industry Institute of America). According to Hamilton (2003) of CNN news, students are the ones who usually download music illegally. RIAA had taken actions in suing these students and other illegal doers. WHY DO PEOPLE DO ILLEGAL MUSIC DOWNLOADING
There are many reasons why people download music illegally from the internet. First and most obvious reason is that CD’s and DVD’s are very expensive. According to CNN. com, students were the ones who usually download music illegally. As we all know, students get their money from their parents. Since students have limited budget for their allowances, they download their music in the internet illegally because it is free. In the article of Beal (2004), another reason is that why do people have to buy if they can get it for free.
In a blog website for bittorrent, DeLeon (2006) stated that since many users say that it is easier to download music from P2P applications. He further stated that a person can grab an entire album for free in just a few minutes by using these applications. Another reason identified for illegal music downloading is the fact that nowadays, the capacity of the hard drives have increased, more and more people are encouraged to use them as a means to store the music that they have downloaded.
In BBC News (2003), the chairman of RIAA had stated that “There will always be those willing to develop alternative illegal services”. The internet is a place where you can put anything in it. It is accessible to anybody who has a computer and a modem. There would most likely be persons who would put up alternative illegal services for music downloading. Even if there are court buttles and shut down of illegal music sites, there would still be some who would bother to put up an illegal source of music files.
In response to the article, The rise and rise of illegal music downloading, in the year 2006, a youth has reacted as to why people would rather download music illegally. He stated that in peer-to-peer sites, there is a huge selection of bands that a person can browse and look into. In a search for a favourite band, there would always be a guarantee that there would be over a 1,000 search results. Another is that bands who have forthcoming albums leaked in the internet. An example was given, wherein the new Bloc Party (an indie rock band) album had been shown to his computer and the album was due for release until February 2007.
According to Reuters, children download music illegally because as they say “everyone else is doing it”. Another reason is that since the download is for personal and private purposes then it is ok to download the music for free. EFFECTS OF ILLEGAL MUSIC DOWNLOADING According to Beal (2004), the industry is experiencing loss of revenue because of illegal music downloads. In accordance to this, if the person is able to download his or her favourite music in the internet then there is no need to purchase CD at a local music store.
According to the report, most common average of numbers that the industry had loss is about 20% globally. The loss had affected not only the musicians but also the sound technicians, recording studios and music stores. Furthermore, CNN News (2003) had further stated that the music industry is convinced that illegal music downloads have a detrimental effect on record sales. Album sales in the United States in 2002 were down for the second year in a row, dropping from more than 10% from the previous year.