Illegal immigration refers to the voluntary resettling or immigration, which literally means movement from one place to another, of foreign nations across national borders in a way that violates the immigration and nationality laws of the designation country. In the United States, an illegal alien is the official term in legislation and the border patrol for a person who has entered the country illegally or is residing in the United States illegally after entering legally (qtd. in “Frequently Asked”).
This may include a foreigner who either has illegally crossed an international political border, by any means of transportations, or someone who has entered the country legally but then overstays his / her Visa in order to live and / or work therein. These unsanctioned entries into the U. S. are considered a crime under the Immigration and Nationality Act, and those who have entered unlawfully are subject to deportation or the expulsion from the country.
In this discussion of illegal immigration, matters that would be embarked upon are the growing number of illegal immigrants to the United States, the courses of action for eradicating this particular problem, and the costs and objections to such. Clearly, as more and more people seek greener pastures, more strict laws are being enacted to protect the U. S. nationals and adversely, more and more people infringe those laws hoping to live better lives in the United States. However, naturally, laws are being implemented, such are being violated, the government is getting dismayed and the rules of the State are getting desecrated.
Understanding the Problem of Illegal Immigration Regardless of where illegal immigrants are from, what they have in common is that they are all seeking better lives. It may be presupposed that they leave their home countries because of severe political quandaries, economic downfall, hostilities, or simply because of very low earnings. Global disparity in standard of living alone pushes many people to move to United States. Escaping poverty or overpopulation can amplify poverty-driven migration flaws.
More and more people do have this reason for leaving their native lands and going to the United States. There is also the presence of illegal employers whom people run to, sometimes unknowing of their unlawful status, hoping to get Visas at lower costs and looking forward to going abroad at the least possible time. The continuing practice of hiring unauthorized workers has been referred to as “the magnet for illegal immigration” (Kaplan). Escaping civil war in the country of origin is nowadays a big reason for illegal immigration.
The countries that these immigrants choose tend to be more advanced or technological, more economically stable, have greater resources or more job opportunities and more chances of living better lives. Some personal reasons of immigrants include automatically gaining U. S. citizenship for their children born in the same country. No matter what the causes of immigration are, more and more people have been clinging to illegal means just to stay in the Unites States and pursue their lives there, battling all odds of possible authority intervention.
There are three ways for people to become illegal immigrants: unsecured entry or entering without authorization, staying beyond the authorized period after legal entry, or violating the terms of legal entry (“The New 21”). The United States Government Accountability Office estimates that “between 400,000 and 700,000 illegal immigrants have entered the United States each year since 1992” (GAO-06-770). The immigrants who come from countries without automatic visa agreements, or who would not other wise qualify for a visa, often cross national borders illegally like the United States-Mexico border or the United States-Canada border.
The unfenced rural mountainous and desert border between Arizona and Mexico has become a major entrance area for illegal immigration to the United States, due in part to the increased difficulty of crossing illegally in California. (Muhlhausen). This method is quite dangerous since many illegal immigrants try to cram into shipping containers, trucks, and boxcars. In this case, many would risk their lives just to get aboard another country. Also, others tip off or pay off, often called human smuggling, corrupt authority figures either to gain entry to a specific country or to clear up their papers and their names after being caught.
The difficulty and expense of the journey has prompted many migrant workers to stay in the United States longer or indefinitely. (Navarro). On the other hand, some immigrants enter into the country legally and then overstay and violate their visa and / or stay beyond the authorized period or such that a visa expires. It seems visa overstayers tend to be somewhat more educated and better off financially than those who crossed geographical borders illegally.