Nowadays the issue of illegal immigration is being discussed by lawmakers and common people. The number of illegal immigrants is constantly growing affecting country’s economy both positively and negatively. Actually, illegal immigrants are mainly poor people who are willing to earn and to help their families and relatives. Illegal immigrants, as well as legal, are suffering from discrimination and oppression, unemployment and bad working conditions, but they have no choice as their native lands are offering few or no employment opportunities.
Illegal immigration provides certain disadvantages for country’s economy. For example, annually, on average, the fiscal costs of illegal immigration account $25,000. It means that the government has to pay billions of dollars on non-citizen’s health and education. Jennifer Wimpf in the article “Impact of Immigration on Healthcare Costs” states that “border hospitals reported losses of almost $190 million in unreimbursed costs for treating illegal aliens in 2000, with another $113 million in ambulance fees and follow-up services”.
(Wimpf 2006) The impact of illegal immigration on wages and working conditions for citizens is significant as well. According to the evidence provided, “at leas a small downward push on wages”. (Dioner 2006) So, the main cons of illegal immigration are greater poverty rates, higher education costs, lower wage levels, increased danger of terrorist attacks, increased rates of diseases, and lack of taxes paid. Firstly, illegal immigration leads to increased poverty rates in the country.
Illegal immigrants are the source of low income employment, and, therefore, they are paid less than other workers negatively affecting country’s economy. Illegal immigrants mainly don’t have health insurance and, thus, they tend to stick to public assistance. Secondly, illegal immigration leads to higher educational costs. Children of illegal immigrants are the reason of disproportion in costs of public education because of huger birth rates. They should be provided with intensive instruction.
It is known that illegal immigrants are characterized by lower educational attainment compared with native-born children. However, Latino children have appropriate educational levels and their English is very fluent as only the minority speaks Spanish. Thirdly, illegal immigration is characterized by lower wages rates. Some researches assert that illegal immigration increases wages rates, but the majority of studies prove that illegal immigration lowers wage rates. Fourthly, illegal immigration increases danger of terrorist attacks because nobody checks illegal immigrants for weapon and dynamite.
So, the threat of domestic terrorism is significantly higher. Fifthly, illegal immigrants pay no taxes negatively affecting the development of country’s economy. In other words, they pay no employment taxes and the government is unable to pay for public services. Also immigrants send money abroad for their families and relatives and, thus, the money is taken from country’s economy. In the result, the economy is characterized by inaccurate circulation of money leading to increased inflation rates. Finally, illegal immigrants bring new diseases affecting healthcare.
Illegal immigrants aren’t checked by physicians when entering the country and nobody knows what diseases they may bring to the country inflicting native population. They may bring tuberculosis, polio and other serious illnesses. Nevertheless, the question whether the illegal immigration is bad for economy is rather contradictive and there is no single opinion. Despite apparent negative sides of illegal immigration, the positive moments are also present. Native population is unaware that immigration may have certain benefits for the country.
The article “Immigration Reform: Benefits & Liabilities” argues that “that illegal workers shouldn’t be ignored, but one only has to listen to the voices at booming construction sites to know that housing complexes are being built by them; they are also the ones who make hotel beds, change towels, provide landscaping and yard services and vacuum Corporate America”. Therefore, illegal immigration contribute to national economy through hard working, developing high technologies, exporting products overseas, lower salaries, higher expenses, investments and savings.
On the other side, illegal immigration is inexhaustible source of cheap human and labor resources. Through working, illegal immigrants contribute significantly value to certain products and services which can be later exported internationally, nationally or locally. Illegal immigration assists increasing of country’s GDP. They are of profit for businesses as they are able to assemble cars as well as to develop software. Illegal immigrants assist developments of high technologies and computer software.
For example, there is a shortage of skillful programmers in USA and Canada and, therefore, immigrants from Hong Kong, Korea and India are of great help for the countries. Without immigrants many companies wouldn’t be able to grow fats and diversify their production lines. Companies are able to compete exporting their products and services. Illegal immigrants make the life of Native Americans easier as they are hired as maids, lawn care, etc. In such a way farmers have fewer expenses when plating and gathering harvests, population have cheaper labor force.
Illegal immigrants are filling low-wage jobs leading to sharp increase in supply and demand of goods and services. Illegal immigration must be dealt with as it affects tax-burden resources; makes prosecution and justice more difficult; increases fraud among mortgage loans, and provides imbalance in immigration quotas. Actually, the government should paid more attention to immigration laws and reforms. Immigration should be legalized despite apparent benefits.
Illegal immigrants pay sales and real estate taxes; they open bank accounts yielding interests to bank workers; immigrants are also willing to buy auto insurance, etc.
- Dioner, E. J. Both Sides of Immigration Need to Be Taken Seriously. Hou Chronicle, 5, 28 (2006): 4-5.
- Wimpf, J. , & Wimpf, P. (2006). Impact of Immigration on Healthcare Costs. Available at http://immigration. about. com/cs/economicslabor/i/ImmHealthCCosts_2. htm. Accessed September 1, 2007.
- Wvong, Russil. Immigration: Costs and Benefits. (1997). Available at http://www.geocities.com/rwvong/immigration.html