Domestic Violence is the act of gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual or metal harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or in private life as defined by VAW. The first attempts to link DV on the issue of Human Rights was made by the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights which argued that all people have inherent dignity and of equal and inalienable rights, hence implying that women have the disposition that is similar to men.
In effect of this, other advances were made which focused on combating the abuses against women such as Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), United Nation’s 1993 Declaration to Eliminate Violence against Women, The United Nations Fourth World Conference on Women, Action for Equality, Development and Peace, Beijing, China – September 1995 and Center for Women’s Global Leadership’s (CWGL) Sixteen Days of Activism Against Gender Violence Campaign, International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women.
Albeit, it is only with the Vienna Declaration and the Program of Action that DV was able to make it to the mainstream of Human Rights.
Amnesty International, “About the campaign: A demonstration at our Annual General Meeting to support the Stop Violence Against Women campaign”, < http://www. amnesty. org. uk/content. asp? CategoryID=10254> accessed on 20 April 2007. Amnesty International “International Women's Day: 8 March 2007”, <http://www. amnesty. org. uk/content. asp? CategoryID=10841> accessed on 20 April 2007. Amnesty International, “Stop Violence Against Women Campaign Banner”, < http://www. amnesty. org. uk/content. asp? CategoryID=10257>, accessed 20 April 2007. Cook R. “Human Rights of Women National and International Perspectives” 26 4 Studies in Family Planning, (Jul. – Aug. , 1995), p. 250.