How much of your time do you dedicate to helping people in need? Do you often think of the numerous individuals suffering from disease, political corruption, and hunger? For the individuals who work within the United Nations, dedication for the betterment of those who face struggles, is not just a job, but a lifestyle. The basis of their efforts comes from the United Nations Human Rights Document.
This document proves to be an effective guide for peace and justice, leading for South Sudan to become the World’s newest country after years of struggle and people within the country to live a better life, they seek to promote peace and bring an end to civil wars and foreign invasion within Afghanistan, and look to restore a secure and stable environment from disease and political corruption in Haiti, especially after detrimental effects from an earthquake. The United Nations establishes a will to guarantee world peace.
The United Nations is an international organization that was established in order to ensure peace and security across the world. Its creation in 1945 was done in order to guarantee that an extremity of conflict like WWII would never occur again. 51 countries with a commitment to maintaining peace world-wide founded the organization, replacing the League of Nations. The UN is well known for its peacekeeping, peace building, prevention of conflicts and involvement in humanitarian efforts.
The four main purposes of the United Nations are; to keep peace across the world, to develop friendly relationships among nations while promoting social progress; to help nations work together to improve lives of the poor, conquer hunger, disease and illiteracy as well as encouraging respect for each other’s rights and freedoms; and to be a center for harmonizing the actions of nations to achieve these goals.
(UN, Website) The six key organs of the UN are; the General Assembly, the Security Council, the Economic and Social Council, the Secretariat, the International Court of Justice, and the Trusteeship Council. These bodies collectively work to solve fundamental issues, protect the environment and refugees, serve disaster relief, prevent terrorism, promote democracy, human rights, gender equality, social and economic development, and improve health and much more. (UN Website) The United Nations General assembly developed The Universal Declaration of Human Rights on December 10th, 1948.
The document is a guideline for what should be done in order to ensure peace and security throughout the world. The UN Declaration of Human Rights is written from the basis of dignity, equality, and freedom. The UN believes these to be the foundations in guiding people to peace, and makes each of the themes evident throughout the Articles within the pledge. The main ideas expressed in the articles include; all people are born free and equal and that each person has the right to live no matter what their race, heritage, gender, religion or social status might be.
Discrimination of a person because of a demographic in a work, school, or social setting is intolerable. Each person has the right to a nationality and have a sense of belonging to a country. It is discussed that under no circumstances should there be any type of slavery or torture. This goes hand and hand with the belief that human rights are to be protected by the law, people have an opportunity for trial and should not be put into prison unless there is adequate evidence against them. In a situation where people feel as if they must leave their original country out of fear or bad treatment, they have the freedom to move somewhere new.
The main ideas discussed through The Universal Declarations of Human Rights become goals throughout each of their peace missions. The United Nations’ aim to ensure peace is demonstrated in their substantial effort to lead South Sudan to independence. History was made on July 9th of this last year when South Sudan became the newest country of the world. This accomplishment was by no means something that happened over night. The birth of the Republic of South Sudan is the result of a six year peace process. (UN Website, UNISFA)
March 2005 marked the start of this accomplishment, when the UN’s Security Council began to establish a peace mission located in Sudan, known as the UNMIS. The support from the UNMIS led for the implementation of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement to be signed by the Government of Sudan and for the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement. After votes from the General Assembly, South Sudan has since become a member of the United Nations. Their membership will ensure that peace and stability will be a continuous value of the new nation.
Currently, the UNMIS has a station in South Sudan to provide political support to the parties, monitor and verify their security agreements, and offer their assistance in areas such as governance, recovery, and development. Not only had conflicts with neighboring countries been a prominent problem for those who now reside in South Sudan, but health issues have a dramatic impact of the people living there. With the highest maternal mortality rate in the world and numerous cases of HIV/AIDS, they are amongst the worst health indicators in the world. However, the United Nations again looks to improve the lives for the people with in the nation.
A great amount of assistance from the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, whose goal is to bring people back to health, is present. (UN Website, OSAA) The United Nations’ involvement has led to the total betterment of the people living in South Sudan as well as many other countries of Africa. The establishment of the UN’s Office of the Special Adviser on Africa will absolutely ensure that many struggling countries will receive the assistance that they are in need of.
The United Nations shows extraordinary efforts that lead to promote international peace and development within third world countries, as demonstrated in the accomplishments of South Sudan as well as their continuous efforts in other African countries. The United Nations has made dramatic impacts on the countries of Africa, and expanded their peace efforts to Afghanistan as well. The United Nations Mission in Afghanistan was established for political purposes. It was upon the government’s request that this mission began, with the goal of setting a foundation for a sustainable system that would benefit the country as a whole.
The United Nations sought for involvement in Afghanistan in order to prevent the further extremity of civil wars and foreign invasions. The UN admitted Afghanistan has a member state in 1946. Providing assures that this country had a support system in place and a guarantee that they would dedicate their time for improvements. For example, when there became evidence of the country needing assistance from Soviet intervention in the 1980’s, the General Assembly held an Emergency Special Session on Afghanistan. This happened over a five day course, allowing withdrawal of all foreign forces. (UN, Website, Afghanistan article) Despite the continuous problems with war going on within the country, the General Assembly did not give up.
Their unbroken focus on Afghanistan hopes to bring an end to the conflict that they were facing, particularly assistance in developing political settlement. In order to ensure that human rights would be in the future for the citizens of Afghanistan, the development of the United Nations Good Offices Mission in Afghanistan and Pakistan began. (UN, Website, Afghanistan article) This plan’s goal is to bring reconstruction and development to the struggling nation. It is increasingly evident that the UN has an extreme dedication to humanitarian effort, by developing and executing plans that will bring struggling countries and the people within them to total restoration.
Numerous resolutions have been proposed by the General Assembly in order to assist Afghanistan and to bring success to the missions that they have set out to accomplish. Work is still being done each and everyday by the United Nations in order to allow for peace and justice to become more and more evident throughout the country of Afghanistan. On the other side of the globe, the United Nations can be found using resources that would bring people back to health in Haiti, a place that suffers from vast amount of sickness and all types of suffering.
Being one of the poorest countries in the world, the people of Haiti do not have access to experienced doctors, hospitals, and medicines. Diseases such as Cholera and AIDs are seemingly endless problems for the citizens of Haiti. However, the national authorities and international partners are available to take care of the victims and minimize the spread of the disease. To make matters worse, Haiti suffered from an earthquake in 2004, taking a huge toll on the country’s already unstable economic system and government.
This led for the United Nations to establish a Stabilization Mission. (UN, Website MINUSTAH) The goal of this effort is to support Haiti’s recovery, bring about reconstruction, and ensure that stability will be restored. The humanitarian efforts of the UN are shown through these efforts once again, maintaining their dedication to the Human Rights Document’s themes. The mission in Haiti looks to promote a political process, especially after the completion of their Presidential elections in 2011. (UN, Haiti article). In a place where suffering is so predominant, the UN establishes plans and places an adequate amount of peace keepers to ensuring the country’s improvement.
Thus, these actions prove that the UN’s work will continue to follow the Human Rights Document with dedication to humanitarianism. Other critics and sources acknowledge that the United Nations Declaration of Human Rights has not been an effective tool for world peace and justice. A critic from the Dawn news source states that South Sudan’s chronic food shortages have become worse since the involvement of the United Nations. They state that the UN has not done enough work to promote further food production which has lead for over a million people to go hungry.
They further declare that this will only get worse if the United Nations does not provide education and resources to enable the people of South Sudan to bring about food and nutrition amongst themselves. (Dawn News, Website) Not only that but, a critic from BBC news by the name of Ronald Brown, claims that the United Nations as well as the countries involved with the mission in Afghanistan have dedicated an excessive amount of money, time, and soldiers to solve the problems that should be other world issues.
He believes that there should be less efforts being put into the mission in order to focus on other problems that the world faces. (Brown, BBC, Website) Last, Derek Smith of CBC news proclaims that the United Nations is actually responsible to cholera in Haiti. They have conducted studies noticing a correlation of the time period of a contamination of a UN military camp to the Meille River and the outbreak of the disease. They believe that since the Meille River is so remote, that there is no possibility for this occurrence be a coincidence. (Smith. BBC, Website) In these arguments presented by Dawn, BBC and the CBC news stations, the critics make a biased one-sided claim that lacks relevance to the issue.
The critics attempt to make a connection between the United Nations’ actions in South Sudan, Afghanistan, and Haiti as failure to follow the Declaration of Human Rights. The writers fail to see that this document was fully implemented in their peace missions. Regarding Sudan, Dawn news never attempts to show that the actions of UN’s mission within South Sudan fully encompasses the issue of food shortage and solutions to this problem. Therefore, the document is relevant to the action that the United Nations took.
In the situation describing that there has been too much efforts of the UN and its countries within Afghanistan, the critics fail to recognize the benefits as to why this peace mission is in place. The efforts within Afghanistan are in existence to promote a decrease of terrorism around the world. In order to keep terrorism at a minimum, the work to control Afghanistan is critical. In the arguments resented by CBC News that the UN is responsible for the cause an outbreak of Cholera in Haiti, they fail to have completely understood the manner in which a disease can spread and act.
They do not understand that under any circumstance would the powers of the United Nations overlook their own actions that would further harm the citizens of Haiti, and that diseases can typically not be pinpointed on exactly where they start. The United Nations Declaration of Human rights was written with the purpose of creating a world that values freedom, dignity, and equality. Through the actions of the United Nations it is clearly evident that the ideas presented in the document are evident throughout their peace missions in the world.
Currently, there are 16 peace missions in the works all across the globe with people looking to create better lives for those who must face suffering, hunger, disease and corruption and with over 100,000 peace keepers working. Not to mention since established, the UN has played a role in bringing independence to more than 80 countries in becoming sovereign nations. (UN, website) South Sudan is included amongst this group of nations, where the UN has brought them freedom and will continue in their assistance to promote justice. An extreme effort has been put into place by the UN to bring an end tocivil wars and foreign involvement in Afghanistan.
An end to disease and recovery from a disastrous earthquake in Haiti is a prime goal for the United Nations. Overall, the United Nations promotes world peace and dedication to human rights. Sources Holder, Donald. Writing to Change the World. Print. UN Declaration of Human Rights. United Nations, 1948. Print. United Nations Earth Charter. United Nations. Print. “UN at a Glance” United Nations. Website. 10/13/11. h? p://www. un. org/en/aboutun/index. shtml “United Nations Mission in the Republic of South Sudan. ” United Nations.
Website. October 2011. 10/13/2011. http://www. un. org/en/peacekeeping/missions/unmiss/ “United Nations Stablization Mission in Haiti. ” United Nations. Website. October 2011. 10/13/11. h? p://www. un. org/en/peacekeeping/missions/minustah/emergency. shtml “UN force brought cholera to Haiti, study suggest. ” CBC News. Website. 2011. 10/13/11. h? p://www. cbc. ca/news/health/story/2011/06/30/hai? -cholera-un. html “Afghanistan and the United Nations,” United Nations, Website, 2011, 10/13/11, h? p://www. un. org/News/dh/latest/afghan/un-afghan-history. shtml#postsept.