I. Do you ever wonder how automobile is made?
II. The history of the automobile reflects an evolution that took place worldwide.
III. The years to follow witnessed several modifications and use of new technologies, which just improved with time and resulted in modern concepts,
IV. Today, I will explain to all of you more details about how automobile invented in different development and before I go more details, let’s watch the video first.
(Transition : I will start with my first main point which is about first development of automobile with steam powered)
I. For the first main point, I will talk about first development of automobile with steam powered.
A)In 1672, Ferdinand Verbiest, a Flemish member of a Jesuit mission in China built a steam powered automobile.
1)The automobile was relatively small in size which is only in 65 cm long scale model as a toy for the emperor of China.
2)Since it was built relatively small in size, it didn't facilitate human transportation because unable to carry a driver or a passenger.
B)In 1769, the self-propelled road vehicle was a military tractor invented by French engineer and mechanic, Nicolas Joseph Cugnot.
1)This three wheeled invention, had the capacity to clock a speed of 2.5 miles per hour which had to stop every 10-15 minutes to build up steam.
2)The steam engine and boiler were separate from the rest of the vehicle and placed in the front.
3)It was used by the French Army to haul artillery and can carry four passengers.
(Transition : Now, let’s move to the next main idea which focus on the second stage of automobile’s development .)
I. For the second main point, I will focus on the second stage of automobile’s development which powered by electric.
A)Between 1832 and 1839, the first electric automobile was built by Robert Anderson of Scotland.
1)It was a crude design which was powered by non-rechargeable primary cells.
2)The cost incurred on building and maintenance of these cars was quite high, but they were much more efficient than their steam powered counterparts.
B)In 1835, Thomas Davenport, a blacksmith from Brandon, Vermont, built a small-scale electric car.
1)More practical and more successful electric road vehicles were invented collaboration with Scotsmen Robert Davidson around 1842.
2)Both inventors were the first to use the newly invented but non-rechargeable electric cells or batteries.
3)After few years, better storage battery invented compatible with improvement of its capacity that were needed for electric vehicles to become practical.
(Transition : Finally we have reached the final content , about the last stage of automobile’s development which powered by gasoline engine.)
I.For the last main point, I will explain about the last stage of automobile’s development which powered by gasoline engine.
A)In 1885, the first automobile with an internal combustion engine was invented by Karl Benz, and patented in 1886 under the name of his company Benz & Cie.
1)This three-wheeled automobile sported a four-stroke cycle gasoline engine and chasis form a single unit which was invented by Benz himself.
2)This invention was a new concept based on several new technological concepts and it was quite easy for Benz to get the product patented within a year from its invention.
B)Within the year 1885, Gottlieb Daimler and Wilhelm Maybach from Germany came up with the Daimler-Maybach engine which was smaller, lighter and more efficient than its traditional counterparts.
1) After a year, Daimler modified the stagecoach built by Wilhelm Wimpff & Sohn by adding the Daimler-Maybach engine to it, and thus invented the first ever four wheeled automobile, known as the "Cannstatt-Daimler."
2)Later in 1889, Daimler and Maybach invented the first automobile by coming up with their own design instead of continuing with the traditional practice of modifying some existing vehicle which was originally built for a totally different purpose
3)This vehicle sported a four-speed transmission engine and had the ability to clock a speed of 10 miles per hour, a significant speed when compared with other vehicles of that time.
(Transition : Now, it is time for conclusion.)
I. From my research, I think the development of the automobile built upon the transport revolution has never ended from year to year.
II. This factor bring us to one question which has been discussed by automobile enthusiast for many years, how far will this development influence a new innovation of automobile technology and bring our mankind into a new era of transportation throughout the world?
III. I will leave the answer to all of you but the true answer let’s think together.
1. WHO INVENTED THE FIRST AUTOMOBILE (2011, November 9). Retrieved October 24, 2013. From : http://www.buzzle.com/articles/who-invented-the-first-automobile.html
2. WHO INVENTED THE WORLD’S VERY FIRST CAR? (2011, June 28). Retrieved October 25, 2013. From : http://jalopnik.com/5816040/who-invented-the-worlds-very-first-car