Home Office Publications

Prochaska & Di Clemente's [1984] "work on the cycle of change" used in working with people with addictions, identifies six stages in a cycle of change 1. Pre-contemplation 2. Contemplation 3. Determination 4. Action 5. Maintenance 6. Relapse Applying this, to this offender he presented as being in contemplation, wanting to do something about his problems and being able to identify his need to change. Assessment of the risk of harm and re-offending.

Though risk assessment is pivotal throughout this report, National Standards [2002 revised] requires an in-depth assessment of harm to others and to self, plus a clear assessment of the likelihood of re-offending. Informing my practice was the OASys risk of harm tool and OGRs risk of re-offending tool. Results identified some risk of harm and a low risk of re-offending 30% I expanded on the assessment identifying his failure to think consequentially and the fact that his past offending had no links with his current offence.

Again this information is vital in case management, in terms of risk banding and deciding upon intensity of supervision [Holt 2001, 2002], from the perspective of good PSR proposals and case manager supervision planning. In the interview the offender disclosed that he was no longer living with his sister but was staying odd days with his brother or with friends.

I explained that in terms of risk it raised concerns due to lack of stable accommodation however his housing applications identified an effort on his part to obtain permanent accommodation, as such the fact would be kept on record as he is still in regular contact with his sister to collect mail and socialise. I latter recorded this information on both IAAPs and updated OASys, believing it to be good practice to maintain up to date information. Conclusion Though a Community Punishment Order was not initially what I had considered prior to the interview, I became aware that he had been given fines in the past but had failed to pay them.

In interview he disclosed not paying fines as a problem, as such after assessing his health via questioning him, I decided to recommend a CPO asking for the sentence to be commensurate to the offence. I was aware the Court were considering all options including custody as such I identified the fact that whilst custody would provide short-term public protection it would also compound the offenders accommodation problems, possibly leading to further offending. As such I felt it my duty to recommend a community sentence, which would satisfy justice whilst preventing further problems from compounding for the offender.

Working in partnership with other organisations is a necessary input for effective case management [Chapman & Hough 1998]. The Community Punishment Unit works in partnership with other braches of the Probation Service to provide assessment and support to offenders, this work is done to support the offender and ensure community sentences are completed effectively. Were this proposal to be acted upon, the CP team will ensure compliance via liaison with the offenders case manager and also an ability to breach for none compliance.

The offender also continues to be subject to statutory supervision under the terms and conditions of his Automatic Conditional Release licence. I concluded the report by summarising the important information and informing the Court of the offender's awareness and understanding of the requirements of such an order. To ensure anti-oppressive, anti-discriminatory practice was adhered to the PSR was gate kept by a senior member of staff who provided positive feedback on the content and structure of the report and advised on minor changes to ensure a balanced view to the Court.

Bibliography

Chapman, T. & Hough, M. [1998] Evidence-based Practice, Home Office Publications Dalrymple, J. & Burke, B. [1995] Anti-oppressive Practice, Open University Press www. homeoffice. gov. uk [used throughout research process] Home Office [2002 revised] National Standards for the Supervision of Offenders in the Community Holt, P. [2001] Case Management, Context for Supervision, Criminal Justice monograph 2 Leicester: De Montford University