History of Death Punishment

The second reason for the death penalty to be abolished is that it is considered to be a brutal death. Death penalty is also considered an inhuman death. Almost all forms of punishments especially the death penalties are very inhuman. Prisoners who are condemned will “We should abolish death penalty”  undergo psychological hurting during the times when they are already sentenced to death and are only waiting to be executed (Amnesty International, 2006).

Aside forms the emotional and mental pain that the prisoner is undergoing between the periods of the sentence to execution, he also undergoes physical pain. The lethal injection that will be used to kill the criminal is not always perfect. Even if it is considered the most humane method to be used in the death penalty, it can also have its own errors or mistakes. Like for example, the needle is supposed to be injected in the veins not in the muscles. Wrong execution of the needle injection in the muscle can cause cloggedness that eventually will result in pain.

These problems are often experienced because of the reason that inexperienced technicians are the ones performing the lethal injection. Doctors are prohibited to execute the lethal injection for the death penalty (Millet, 2004). The death penalty was considered unusual because of the fact that the Constitution of the United States of America had forbidden unusual punishments, therefore proving that death penalty is unconstitutional. Another fact that proves that death penalty is unusual is that out of the sentences given death penalty today had only reported two percent for the criminals who committed homicide.

The data proves that only two percent of the sentenced criminal receives death penalty for committing homicide (Millet, 2004). The third reason of abolishing the death penalty is that the death penalty is lacking of dissuasive effect or it lacks the theory of justice (Amnesty International, 2006). It was reported by a study done by the New York Times that in the United States of America, there had been a statistics of forty eight percent homicides. The rate of forty percent crimes by homicide had received capital punishment but there are state punishments totaling to a twenty three percent

“We should abolish death penalty” that had not received any capital punishment (Pakhare, 2007). Moreover, there was no proven scientific evidence that death penalty had decreased the crime rate in the United States of America. In fact, the crimes rates had increased in the states with death penalty while the crime rates had decreased in the countries without the death penalty. This is according to the report from the New York Times on September 22, 2000. This report was based on the data gathered by the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

Furthermore, it was known that the rise and fall of the crime rates in the states with and without death penalty law do not show any evidence that death penalty cause an avoidance or deterrence to crime (Bonner and Fessenden, 2000). The fourth reason of abolishing the death penalty is somewhat related to the third reason. Capital punishment is known to cause more violence in the society if implemented. Studies have shown that after the executions of death penalty had been made, the society’s response to the execution is there were more criminal acts done by the citizens (Amnesty International, 2006).

Moreover, the effects of the death penalty to the society are very critical that most researchers claimed that revenge is the only way the citizens could show violent reaction to the executions. Revenge which is very important and very critical to the society can become the society’s attitude. This is a factor or a reason why there is a high homicide rates in the states with death penalty rather than to those states which have abolished death penalty (Pakhare, 2007).

Death penalty is considered to be a discriminative action that proves that when you are not wealthy, it is likely that you get to be sentenced by the death penalty. This is the fact wherein the sentence is used against the disadvantage people. Because of the lack of financial aids and also the lack of full knowledge of the laws in a society, a prisoner under the low class societies “We should abolish death penalty”     had already abandoned the fact that he is going to be acquitted of the crimes being accused by him.

Moreover, when the victims are in the higher class of the society, it is more likely that he gets and wins the sentence to the death penalty of the accused. The data of the victims of the death penalty or those who were accused wrongly by law shows that most of them belong to the poor, ill and those people who belong to the minority groups (Pakhare, 2007). It only proves that the law of the death penalty is bias and indiscriminate and only the powerful people of the society benefits from it (Amnesty International, 2006).

Reports on the prisoners accused of death penalty had shown data that there is already a ninety-nine percent of prisoners in the death row who belong to the lower class of the society or more commonly called as the indigent ones. This is according to the report of the United States of Appeals Court Judge. The primary recipients of the death penalty are those in the lower class of the society even though crimes were distributed in all the classes of life in the society (Bachelder, 2004). The capital punishment is in opposition of the religious and humanitarian values.

Human right is believed to be a general trend that is not missing in a society or culture. Moreover, it is also inseparable and mutually dependent to the laws present in a certain state or country. As the most of the religions worldwide aims to have mercy, consideration and forgiveness, the death penalty is viewed to be a moral dishonor (Amnesty International, 2006). In conclusion, death penalty should be abolished entirely by all the states and countries worldwide because as the studies have shown that it caused the increased of many crimes in the world.

It is not also moral to end the life of the person accused because of the crimes he had “We should abolish death penalty”       committed. There are many other alternatives the law could offer aside from resorting to the lethal injection given to the criminally accused prisoners. References: Amnesty International. (2006). 10 reasons to abolish the death penalty. Library

On Line Documentation Archive. Retrieved July 24, 2007 from http://web. amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGAFR010132004? open&of=ENG-392 Banner, Stuart. (2002). “The Death Penalty: An American History. President and Fellows of Harvard College. First Harvard University Press. United States of America. Batchelder, Nathaniel. (3 April 2004). 15 Reasons to Abolish the Death Penalty. Oklahoma Coalition to Abolish Death Penalty. Retrieved July 24, 2007 from http://www. ocadp. org/educate/15reasons. html Bedau, Hugo Adam. (1997). “Death Penalty in America: Current Controversies”.

Oxford University Press, Inc. Bedau, Hugo Adam. (2004) “ Debating the Death Penalty: Should America Have Capital Punishment? The Experts on Both Sides Make their Best”. Oxford University Press. Bonner, Raymond & Fessenden Ford. (September 22, 2000). “States with no death penalty share lower homicide rates”. The New York Times. Retrieved July 25, 2007 from http://www. deathpenaltyinfo. org/mirror/article. php? scid=17&did=437 Costanzo, Mark. “Just Revenge: Costs and Consequences of the Death Penalty”