History of Dishwashing Liquid

* Soap was used for cleaning until 1916, when there was a shortage of fats needed to produce it during World War I. Because there was still a need for a cleaning product, synthetic versions were invented, which are now known as detergents. There was also a movement towards using detergents because there was a need for a cleaning agent that did not leave behind a residue as soap did, especially on fabric. Upon their appearance, detergents became common products for cleaning dishes and clothing. While many people still used regular soap, by 1953 most households were using detergents. History of Hibiscus

* The hibiscus has had a long history of use in Africa and neighboring tropical countries. Its fragrant flowers have been used in sachets and perfumes. Fiber from H. sabdariffa has been used to fashion rope as a jute substitute and the fleshy red calyx is used in the preparation of teas, drinks, jams and jellies, and the leaves have been used like spinach. The plant is used widely in Egypt for the treatment of cardiac and nerve diseases and has been described as a diuretic. It has been used in the treatment of cancers.The mucilagenous leaves are used as a topical emollient in Africa. In western countries, hibiscus flowers are often found as components of herbal tea mixtures.

* Hibiscus is a native of the Old World, but is now distributed throughout the tropics. This plant is an erect, much branched, smooth shrub, 1 to 4 meters in height. The leaves are ovate and 7 to 12 centimeters long, with coarsely toothed margins. The flowers are solitary, axillary, very large, about 10 centimeters long, and 12 centimeters in diameter. The calyx is green and about 2 centimeters long, with ovate lobes. The petals are red, orange, or rose white, obovate, rounded, and imbricate. The staminal tube is slender and longer than the corolla. There are many hybrids of different colored, simple flowers in addition to a few doubles.

Characteristics of Dishwashing Liquid

* Dishwashing liquid, also known as dishwashing soap and dish soap, is a detergent used to assist in dishwashing. It is usually a highly-foaming mixture of surfactants with low skin irritation, and is primarily used for hand washing of glasses, plates, cutlery, and cooking utensils in a sink or bowl.

* The reduced surface tension of dishwashing water, and increasing solubility of modern surfactant mixtures, allows the water to run off the dishes in a dish rack very quickly. However, most people also rinse the dishes with pure water to make sure to get rid of any soap residue that could affect the taste of the food.

* A dilute combination of dishwashing liquid with water can be used to produce soap bubbles. Dishwashing liquid has also been administered orally as a substitute for soap as a form of corporal punishment. This is often colloquially referred to as washing the mouth out with soap or another similar phrase. However, this use carries health risks that can be associateship and has declined substantially in recent decades. Dishwashing liquid has also been used as a stain cleaner.

* Dishwashing liquid has also been used to treat birds affected by oil spills. After the Exxon Valdez oil spill in 1989, the International Bird Rescue Research Center received hundreds of cases of Dawn dishwashing liquid that were used to clean up birds and other animals contaminated with spilled oil. Similarly, rubbing the undiluted liquid soap over black, oily hands after working on one's car engine for example is as efficient at removing the grime as proprietary grime-removers and less damaging to the skin by being immediately washable. It can also be used to mix mortar when there is no Plasticizer available on the building sites.

* Surfactants are chemicals in liquid dish soap that help suspend the oils and other food residue on dishes, making it much easier to wash them away with water during rinsing. Some liquid dish soaps include moistening agents that help soften skin or prevent skin irritation from the other chemicals in the soap. Each type of liquid dish soap also has its own scent. Even so-called unscented products generally have a residual soap smell. Others include compounds that produce the scent of lemon, pine, flowers or citrus fruits. Liquid dish soap's scent is usually mild enough not to impart its scent to the dishes, and may disappear from the washer's hands shortly after rinsing them clean.

One vital property of each type of liquid dish soap is its environmental impact. In recent years, several major brands of environmentally conscious dish soap have appeared. These products use more natural ingredients. They also cause less harm to the environment once they are washed down the drain and enter into the water system. Some liquid dish soap brands even donate a portion of their profits to environmental causes.

Specifications:

  • Active matter: 10- 25 %
  • pH of 5% aq soln: 7 -9 as per requirement
  • Physical Appearance:

Yellow coloured thick transparent viscous liquid.

Characteristics of Hibiscus

Hibiscus is a genus of flowering plants in the mallow family, Malvaceae. It is quite large, containing several hundred species that are native warm- temperate , subtropical and tropical regions throughout the world. Member species are often noted for their showy flowers and are commonly known as hibiscus, sorrel, and flor de Jamaica, or less widely known as rosemallow. The genus includes both annual and perennial herbaceous plants, as well as woody shrubs and small trees. The generic name is derived from the Greek word ἱβίσκος (hibískos), which was the name Pedanius Dioscorides (ca. 40-90) gave to Althaea officinalis. was the name Pedanius Dioscorides (ca. 40-90) gave to Althaea officinalis.

* The leaves are alternate, ovate to lanceolate, often with a toothed or lobed margin. The flowers are large, conspicuous, trumpet-shaped, with five or more petals, color from white to pink, red, orange, purple or yellow, and from 4–18 cm broad. Flower color in certain species, such as H. mutabilis and H. tiliaceus, changes with age. The fruit is a dry five-lobed capsule, containing several seeds in each lobe, which are released when the capsule dehisces (splits open) at maturity. It is of red and white colours. It is an example of complete flowers.

* Hibiscus rosa-sinensis is considered to have a number of medical uses in Chinese herbology. In the Philippines, the gumamela (local name for hibiscus) is used by children as part of a bubble-making pastime. The flowers and leaves are crushed until the sticky juices come out. Hollow papaya stalks are then dipped into this and used as straws for blowing bubbles.

* In Polynesia, these fibers (fau, pūrau) are used for making grass skirts. They have also been known to be used to make wigs.

* Scientific Name(S): Hibiscus sabdariffa L. Family: Malvaceae

* Common Name(S): Hibiscus, karkade, red tea, red sorrel, Jamaica sorrel, rosella

* Hibiscus or Rosemallow is a large genus of about 200-220 species of flowering plants in the family Malvaceae , native to warm temperate, subtropical and tropical regions throughout the world.

* Botany: Hibiscus is native to tropical Africa but today grows throughout many tropical climates. This strong annual herb grows to 5 feet or more and produces elegant red flowers. The flowers (calyx and bract portions) are collected when slightly immature. The major producing countries are Jamaica and Mexico.

* Uses of Hibiscus The leaves and calyxes have been used as food and the flowers steeped for tea. Hibiscus has been used in folk medicine as a diuretic, mild laxative and treatment for cardiac and nerve diseases and cancer. Mucilaginous leaves have been used as topical emollient.

* Summary: Hibiscus is a popular plant whose flowers are found in numerous herbal tea preparations. The flowers contribute color and a pleasant taste to beverages. In normal concentrations, the teas would not be expected to exert any pharmacologic action. Reasons why we choose Hibiscus:

* Gumamela or Hibiscus has the factors to make bubbles by squeezing or crushing the flower or the leaf. Through this, we can add the extracts of the gumamela to other materials and make a dishwashing liquid at a very affordable cost. A dilute combination of dishwashing liquid with water can be used to produce soap bubbles.

* A dilute combination of dishwashing liquid with water can be used to produce soap bubbles.

* Dishwashing liquid has also been administered orally as a substitute for soap as a form of corporal punishment. This is often colloquially referred to as washing the mouth out with soap or another similar phrase. However, this use carries health risks that can be associateship and has declined substantially in recent decades. Dishwashing liquid has also been used as a stain cleaner.

Conclusion:

* The researchers wanted to produce a cheaper and organic dishwashing liquid through the extracts of gumamela flower.