There was the formation of the Corporate Affairs Department which has three centers. The Centre for Workplace Democracy is in charge of managing the partnerships in labor. The issues of pension and investment are under the Centre for worker Ownership and Governance. To ensure that people have comprehensive campaigns, the Centre for Strategic Research assists candidates. Another responsibility lies to the department is researching and taking of statistics to help in collective bargaining (Peter, 2006). There was a formation of new organizing programs in 1997.
To begin with, for the unions that saw the need to create organizing programs, AFL-CIO was responsible for giving logical, organized and training strategies. Secondly, the individuals who had retired were to be trained in political and organizing operations to make labor movements stronger. The program was referred to Senior Summer. Thirdly, Union Cities, their was a need for large labor councils to enhance their effectiveness and activeness and it also encouraged the smaller central labor councils (CLCs) to join hands to make them more influential.
Fourthly, Street Heat, it was responsible of funding the CLCs and other unions staff members whose aim was to help workers who were intimidated in protesting (Eric, 2006). There are several Labor Relations Acts that have been formed to protect workers due to the unions fighting for their rights. The Construction Industry Labor Relations Act was written in 1992 and amended in 2000. The Act recognizes trade unions, collective bargaining between employees and employers organization which entails employees togetherness. The Act emphasizes on the need to negotiate whenever there is some form of disagreement between the employer and the employee.
It also emphasizes on the submission of a dispute by the employer’s organization or a trade union representative to the conciliation before striking. If the conciliation is according to the law, then the trade unions can go ahead and form a strike. Strikes are allowed to occur if the majority of the employees are in favor of it and a forty eight hour notice should be given to the employer before striking. In collective bargaining, the negotiations must be between the trade union representatives and the employer organization and not any other outsider.
The employees are subjected to grievances and failure to this the employees can strike (Michael, 2000). The Labor Standards Act entails the number of working hours an employee should be subjected to, the wages that he or she should be paid. The Act allows employees to work for forty hours a week or eight hour s a day. For any employee to work more than eight hours, then the employer needs to pay hourly for the extra work. The wages paid to the employees do not include any payments like meal breaks given by the organization.
An employee paid daily is not allowed to work more than eight hours a day and those paid on a weekly basis are not to work more than forty hours a week. An employer is said to have employed someone as long as he or she lets has the knowledge of the working employee. It also states that an employee is subjected to a holiday annually and he or she must get full salary during the holiday. Benefits need to be specified clearly especially medical benefits. An employee is not to be fired because of sickness. There must be good and safe working conditions.